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Collection The Gerry Mulligan Collection

About the Oral Biography

[Gerry Mulligan, Harpers Bazaar Cover], [1974]. Franca R. Mulligan, photographer. The Gerry Mulligan Collection, Performing Arts Reading Room, Library of Congress.

This oral autobiography by Gerry Mulligan with Ken Poston was conducted in 1995. The autobiography was later edited by Jon and Iris Newsom. Mulligan's wife, Franca R. Mulligan, has kindly granted permission for the Library of Congress to make portions of this autobiography available on the The Library of Congress Presents: Music, Theater and Dance Web site. It is hoped that more from this autobiography will be added to this site in the future. Photographs were supplied by Franca R. Mulligan and were chosen to supplement the autobiography. Additional photographs from other collections at the Library of Congress were also used to illustrate different periods of Mulligan's life.

Digitizing the Collection

The photographs were scanned as jpeg images and for the most part were taken from Franca R. Mulligan's personal collection. Derivatives were made by the Network Development team at the Library of Congress.

Sound recordings
WAV files of Mulligan's interviews were made from original source tape by Jon Newsom. MP3 streaming files were created by the IHAS staff. The EQ was adjusted with Sound Forge 5.0. The files were then de-clicked, amplified, and beginnings and ends faded using Cool-Edit Pro 1.0. The derivative files were generated using Sound Forge 5.0. with the MP3s at 96K.

Copyright and Other Restrictions

The Library of Congress is providing access to these materials for educational and research purposes and makes no warranty with regard to their use for other purposes. The written permission of the copyright owners and/or other rights holders (such as holders of publicity and/or privacy rights) is required for distribution, reproduction, or other use of protected items beyond that allowed by fair use or other statutory exemptions. There may be content that is protected as "works for hire" (copyright may be held by the party that commissioned the original work) and/or under the copyright or neighboring-rights laws of other nations.

Responsibility for making an independent legal assessment of an item and securing any necessary permissions ultimately rests with persons desiring to use the item. Users should consult the bibliographic information that accompanies each item for specific information. This catalog data provides the details known to the Library of Congress regarding the corresponding items and may assist users in making independent assessments of the legal status of these items as related to their desired uses.

Items included here with the permission of the rights holders are indicated as such in the bibliographic record for each item.

While every effort has been made to obtain permission to use these songs or portions of these songs, in some cases the rights' owner may have only granted permission to use a portion of the material online. In those cases, only 30-second excerpts of sound recordings are used, and only one or two pages of print or manuscript materials are used.

In some cases, the Library was unable to identify a possible rights holder and has elected to place some of those items online as an exercise of fair use for strictly non-commercial educational uses. The Library of Congress would like to learn more about these materials and would like to hear from individuals or institutions that have any additional information or know of their history. Please contact: Performing Arts Reading Room.

Suggested credit line: Library of Congress, Music Division.

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