Collection Items

  • Web Page
    Related Resources For further information on the life and work of Martha Graham, please consult the following sources:
  • Web Page
    Rights and Access The Library of Congress is providing access to these materials for educational and research purposes and makes no warranty with regard to their use for other purposes. The written permission of the copyright owners and/or other rights holders (such as holders of publicity and/or privacy rights) is required for distribution, reproduction, or other use of protected items beyond that allowed by fair use or...
  • Article
    Essays and Presentations Martha Graham Timeline Articles/Essays
    • Date: 1919
  • Article
    Chorale (Ballet choreographed by Martha Graham) Article. Performed to music by César Franck, Chorale premiered on April 18, 1926, at New York's 48thStreet Theater, Graham's first independent concert. The original cast included Graham, Thelma Biracree, Evelyn Sabin, and Betty Macdonald. The Democrat (Rochester, NY) of May 29, 1926, said the work suggested a "dark emotional mood."
  • Article
    Martha Graham Timeline: 1894-1949 Article. Article. Martha Graham, a pioneer in the establishment of American modern dance, was one of the principal choreographers of the twentieth century. Her work, which spanned more than seven decades, resulted in the development of a movement technique and a body of 180 choreographic works. Known also for her innovative collaborations, Graham worked with sculptor Isamu Noguchi, who designed over thirty-five sets for...
  • Article
    Appalachian Spring Article. Article. Article. Performed to music by Aaron Copland and commissioned by Elizabeth Sprague Coolidge, the minimalist sets for Appalachian Spring were designed by Isamu Noguchi, costumes by Edithe Gilfond, and lighting by Jean Rosenthal. The work premiered on 30 October 1944 in the Elizabeth Sprague Coolidge Auditorium, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. The cast included Martha Graham (The Bride), Erick Hawkins (The Husbandman),...
  • Article
    Arabesque no. 1 (Ballet choreographed by Martha Graham) Article. Performed to music by Claude Debussy, Arabesque No. 1 premiered on April 18, 1926, at New York's 48th Street Theater, and was Graham's first independent concert. The original cast included Thelma Biracree, Evelyn Sabin, and Betty Macdonald. Dance Magazine (July 1926) noted, "The three soft childish figures nude and silhouetted whitely against the black drop curtain made charming cameos while Louis Horst played...
  • Article
    Clair de Lune (Ballet choreographed by Martha Graham) Article. Performed to music by Claude Debussy, Clair de Lune premiered on April 18, 1926, at New York's 48th Street Theater, Graham's first independent concert. The original cast included Graham with Thelma Biracree, Evelyn Sabin, and Betty Macdonald. The April 20, 1926, Democrat (Rochester, NY) said, "Miss Graham revealed a versatility and freshness of viewpoint which delighted her spectators."
  • Article
    Danse Languide (Ballet choreographed by Martha Graham) Article. Performed to music by Alexander Scriabine, Danse Languide premiered on April 18, 1926, at New York's 48th Street Theater, Graham's first independent concert. The original cast included Thelma Biracree, Evelyn Sabin, and Betty Macdonald. An April 12, 1926, New York Telegram article by critic S. Jay Kaufman said of Graham's upcoming concert, "It is her aim to make her program interesting from the...
  • Article
    Danse Rococo (Ballet choreographed by Martha Graham) Article. Performed to music by Maurice Ravel, with costumes by Erle Franke, Danse Rococo premiered on April 18, 1926, at New York's 48th Street Theater, Graham's first independent concert. The solo work was performed by Graham. On April 25, 1926, the critic for the New York Telegraph said Graham performed "in a pair of green mules, a feat any woman knows is equaled only...
  • Article
    Désir (Ballet choreographed by Martha Graham) Article. Performed to music by Alexander Scriabine, Désir premiered on April 18, 1926, at New York's 48thStreet Theater, Graham's first independent concert. The solo work was performed by Graham. Also called Désir Opus 57, No. 1, the work wasperformed in 1927 as a section of a choreography titled Five Poems. A May 29, 1926, article in The Democrat (Rochester, NY) noted the work was,...
  • Article
    Deux Valses (Ballet choreographed by Martha Graham)
    Valses Sentimentales
    Article. Performed to music by Maurice Ravel, Deux Valses premiered on April 18, 1926, at New York's 48th Street Theater, Graham's first independent concert. The solo work was performed by Graham. Also known as Deux Valses Sentimentales and Valses Sentimentales, the Democrat (Rochester, NY) noted on May 29, 1926, that the work reflected a "vibrant motion." A December 1927, Dance Magazine article noted, Graham...
  • Article
    From a XII Century Tapestry (Ballet choreographed by Martha Graham)
    A Florentine Madonna
    Article. Performed to music by Serge Rachmaninoff, with costumes by Erle Franke, From a XII Century Tapestry premiered on April 18, 1926, at New York's 48th Street Theater, Graham's first independent concert. The solo was performed by Graham. Retitled A Florentine Madonna in May 1926, the work was also known as Part 1 of Renaissance and as Madonna in 1927. The Democrat (Rochester, NY)...
  • Article
    Intermezzo (Ballet choreographed by Martha Graham) Article. Performed to music by Johannes Brahms, Intermezzo premiered on April 18, 1926, at New York's 48th Street Theater. The work also appears as Intermezzo, Opus 119, No. 3. The solo work was performed by Martha Graham and was part of the program for her first independent concert. The critic from Musical America (April 24, 1926) noted that Graham's interpretations "were in many instances...
  • Article
    Maid with the Flaxen Hair (Ballet choreographed by Martha Graham) Article. Performed to music by Claude Debussy, Maid with the Flaxen Hair premiered on April 18, 1926, at New York's 48th Street Theater. The solo work was performed by Martha Graham and was part of the program for her first independent concert. A review in the April 24, 1926, issue of Musical America said that Graham's art is "in the last analysis, an art...
  • Article
    The Marionette Show (Ballet choreographed by Martha Graham) Article. Performed to music by Eugene Goossens, the work premiered on April 18, 1926, at New York's 48th Street Theater. The cast list included Thelma Biracree, Evelyn Sabin, and Betty Macdonald and was part Graham's first independent concert. In its April 24, 1926, review of the performance Musical America said that the three young performers "made a particularly strong impression … [in] a symbolic...
  • Article
    Masques (Ballet choreographed by Martha Graham) Article. Performed to music by Louis Horst, Masques premiered on April 18, 1926, at New York's 48th Street Theater. The solo work was performed by Martha Graham and was part of her first independent concert. In reviewing the performance, the New York Tribune reported on April 19, 1926, "Miss Graham gave a successful performance, showing ability to present a mood or a picture, with...
  • Article
    Novelette (Ballet choreographed by Martha Graham) Article. Performed to music by Robert Schumann, Novelette premiered on April 18, 1926, at New York's 48th Street Theater. The solo work was performed by Graham and was part of her first independent concert.
  • Article
    Portrait—After Beltran-Masses (Ballet choreographed by Martha Graham)
    Gypsy Portrait
    Article. Performed to music by Manuel de Falla, Portrait--After Beltran-Masses premiered on April 18, 1926, at New York's 48th Street Theater. The solo work was performed by Martha Graham and was part of a program for her first independent concert. (The work was later retitled Gypsy Portrait.) Dance Magazine (July 1926) described the visual experience of seeing Graham, "Clad in a heavy gold kimon[o],...
  • Article
    A Study in Lacquer (Ballet choreographed by Martha Graham) Article. Performed to music by Marcel Bernheim, A Study in Lacquer premiered on April 18, 1926, at New York's 48th Street Theater. The solo work was performed by Martha Graham and was part of her first independent concert. In discussing Oriental-inspired dances for an article by Frances McClernan Kemp in Dance Magazine (May 1927), Graham noted, "We cannot…duplicate the oriental dance. We can only...
  • Article
    Tanze (Ballet choreographed by Martha Graham)
    Dances
    Article. Performed to music by Franz Schubert, Tanze premiered on April 18, 1926, at New York's 48th Street Theater. The work was performed by Betty Macdonald, Thelma Biracree, and Evelyn Sabin as part of Graham's first independent concert. (The work was also known as Dances.)
  • Article
    The Three Gopi Maidens (Ballet choreographed by Martha Graham) Performed to music by Cyril Scott, with costumes by Norman Edwards, The Three Gopi Maidens was excerpted from The Flute of Krishna and premiered on April 18, 1926, at New York's 48th Street Theater. The work was performed by Thelma Biracree, Evelyn Sabin, and Betty Macdonald as part of Graham's first independent concert. A review from Dance Magazine (July 1926) noted, "I liked…the three...
  • Article
    Trois Gnossiennes (Ballet choreographed by Martha Graham)
    Gnossienne No. 1
    Article. Performed to music by Erik Satie, Trois Gnossiennes premiered on April 18, 1926, at New York's 48th Street Theater as part of Graham's first independent concert. The cast included Martha Graham with Evelyn Sabin, Thelma Biracree, and Betty Macdonald. Beginning in 1927, Graham began to perform each of the three sections of this choreography as independent dances: Gnoissienne, Frieze, and Tanagra. Eventually, Tanagra...
  • Article
    The Flute of Krishna (Ballet choreographed by Martha Graham) Article. Performed to music by Cyril Scott, with sets and costumes by Norman Edwards, the cast included Thelma Biracree, Constance Finkel, Betty Macdonald (Three Dancing Girls), Robert Ross (Krishna), and Evelyn Sabin (Rhada). Susanne Vivanti also was identified as a performer in a February 1926 review. The Flute of Krishna was performed at the Eastman School of Music, University of Rochester on May 9,...