1919 Nobel Peace Prize
On December 11, 1920, the Nobel Committee of the Norwegian Parliament awarded Woodrow Wilson the 1919 Nobel Peace Prize for his leadership in creating the League of Nations, despite the fact that the United States had failed to ratify the Treaty of Versailles or join the League. The prize recognized Wilson's vision of a new world order guided by an international organization where states could resolve disputes and keep the peace. However, the medal also serves as a reminder of the later failures of the League of Nations. And despite the prediction by author H. G. Wells to the contrary, the Great War was not "the war that will end war."