Photo, Print, Drawing [Jesus appearing to his disciples on the Sea of Galilee] / JSvC [monogram].

[ digital file from original item ]

About this Item

Title
[Jesus appearing to his disciples on the Sea of Galilee] / JSvC [monogram].
Summary
The subject of the drawing is Jesus Appearing to His Disciples and the Miraculous Draft of Fishes. More precisely, as the artist transcribed from the Bible, this is the moment when Peter jumps into the water to wade ashore to Christ (John 21:7). The most famous representation of this particular scene is Raphael's tapestry cartoon (1515-16). Although Schnorr's interpretation portrays the boat in a three-quarter view rather than from the side as in Raphael's portrayal, he must have been looking at Raphael's iconic and monumental work. In fact, the German artist's drawing style in these biblical illustrations no longer looks to late-fifteenth- and early-sixteenth-century artists' precisely drawn and delicately thin lines, but to the High Renaissance bravura of Raphael's exuberant draftsmanship. On Schnorr von Carolsfeld's biblical project--its origin, purpose, and widespread influence as religious instruction--see Cordula Grewe, "The Bible in Pictures" in Painting the Sacred in the Age of Romanticism, Surrey, 2009, pp. 203-251 and on Schnorr's other work see Hinrich Sieveking, "Julius Schnorr von Carolsfeld (1794-1872): An introduction to his life and work," in Giulia Bartrum, ed., German Romantic Prints and Drawings from an English Private Collection, exh. cat. The British Museum, London, 2011, pp. 278-309.
Contributor Names
Schnorr von Carolsfeld, Julius, 1794-1872, artist
Created / Published
[Germany], Sonntag 16 November 1856.
Subject Headings
-  Jesus Christ--Disciples
-  Biblical events
Format Headings
Drawings--German--1850-1860.
Notes
-  Inscriptions: Left edge in brown ink: "Der auferstandenen Chr [crossed out] Heiland erscheint seinen Jüngern in Galiläa. Da spricht der Jünger, welchen Jesus lieb hatte, zu Petro: es ist der Herr. Da Simon Petrus hörete, dass es der Herr war, gürtete er das Hemd um sich, denn er war nackt, und warf sich ins Meer. Ev. Johannis cap. 21.v.7." At left recto in brown ink: "Sonntag/ d. 16 h (with lines below h) 56./ 18 JCS[?] 56." Upper right recto in brown ink: "224." Verso: lower right: in black chalk: "114" (and a line with maybe a number or letter above).
-  Title, attribution, date, subject, and physical description by Diane de Grazia, 2014.
-  Acquisition source unknown.
-  Julius Schnorr von Carolsfeld was a German artist and a prominent member of the Nazarene movement. A drawing by Schnorr von Carolsfeld of 1840 in the British Museum, London (inv. no. 1875,0710.145) carries the identical inscription, indicating that the present drawing is by the same hand. Another sheet, also in the British Museum of 1854 (WA1954.70.154) has the same handwriting as here. In fact, the mise-en-page of Schnorr von Carolsfeld's many narrative illustrations is also identical. He divides the page, as here, into illustration and narration, citing the text from which the illustration comes. Also, he uses the side of the paper for further sketches related to the scenes. The sheet in the Library of Congress fits perfectly into Julius Schnorr von Carolsfeld's oeuvre. Like his Nazarene friends, Schnorr rejected a modern style in favor of a revival of early Renaissance Italian art. He spent the years 1818-1825 in Rome, where his precise draftsmanship and clear coloring came close to the style of the late 15th-century Italian artists he admired. In the early 1850s the artist finally took up in earnest his project of drawings for an illustrated Bible, which came out of the 40-year Nazarene project to produce an illustrated bible. Schnorr's own project, Die Bibel in Bildern, was published in thirty parts between 1852 and 1860 (published by Georg Wigand in Leipzig in 1860). By this time, his drawing style had broadened, was less meticulous, and more energetic. The present drawing is a preliminary study for this project, which included over 240 illustrations of scenes from the Old and New Testaments. The number "224" at upper right indicates which illustration it was. Similar numbers appear on other sheets for the series (see, for example, a drawing in the Kunstsammlung, Weimar which carries the number "66" and is dated Easter Sunday 1856 (illus. Gernsheim Corpus Graphicum no. 177039)). The differences between the drawing and the finished wood engraving in the book are apparent. Schnorr would have refined the drawing in another sheet before it was transferred to the woodblock, in this case, as in others, simplifying the forms for the narrative to be explicitly understood. He removed extraneous details that would distract the viewer from the story. The purpose of the Bible in Pictures was to educate the illiterate and literate to the visual realism of the bible's stories. The only written narrative in the book is the passage from the bible beneath each illustration.
-  Conserved: 8.86.848.62.
-  Condition assessment: Backed with rice paper. Sheet is very thin, dirty, and has losses, especially at edges, 2014.
Medium
1 drawing : pen and brown ink over traces of black chalk on tannish paper ; sheet 21.5 x 34.3 cm (8 13/16 x 13 9/16 in.)
Call Number/Physical Location
DRWG/MA, no. 14 (A size) [P&P]
Repository
Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA http://0-hdl.loc.gov.oasys.lib.oxy.edu/loc.pnp/pp.print
Digital Id
ppmsca 38280 //hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/ppmsca.38280
Library of Congress Control Number
2005696660
Reproduction Number
LC-DIG-ppmsca-38280 (digital file from original item)
Rights Advisory
No known restrictions on publication.
Online Format
image
Description
1 drawing : pen and brown ink over traces of black chalk on tannish paper ; sheet 21.5 x 34.3 cm (8 13/16 x 13 9/16 in.) | The subject of the drawing is Jesus Appearing to His Disciples and the Miraculous Draft of Fishes. More precisely, as the artist transcribed from the Bible, this is the moment when Peter jumps into the water to wade ashore to Christ (John 21:7). The most famous representation of this particular scene is Raphael's tapestry cartoon (1515-16). Although Schnorr's interpretation portrays the boat in a three-quarter view rather than from the side as in Raphael's portrayal, he must have been looking at Raphael's iconic and monumental work. In fact, the German artist's drawing style in these biblical illustrations no longer looks to late-fifteenth- and early-sixteenth-century artists' precisely drawn and delicately thin lines, but to the High Renaissance bravura of Raphael's exuberant draftsmanship. On Schnorr von Carolsfeld's biblical project--its origin, purpose, and widespread influence as religious instruction--see Cordula Grewe, "The Bible in Pictures" in Painting the Sacred in the Age of Romanticism, Surrey, 2009, pp. 203-251 and on Schnorr's other work see Hinrich Sieveking, "Julius Schnorr von Carolsfeld (1794-1872): An introduction to his life and work," in Giulia Bartrum, ed., German Romantic Prints and Drawings from an English Private Collection, exh. cat. The British Museum, London, 2011, pp. 278-309.
LCCN Permalink
https://0-lccn.loc.gov.oasys.lib.oxy.edu/2005696660
Additional Metadata Formats
MARCXML Record
MODS Record
Dublin Core Record

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  • Rights Advisory: No known restrictions on publication.
  • Reproduction Number: LC-DIG-ppmsca-38280 (digital file from original item)
  • Call Number: DRWG/MA, no. 14 (A size) [P&P]
  • Access Advisory: ---

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Schnorr Von Carolsfeld, Julius, Artist. Jesus appearing to his disciples on the Sea of Galilee / JSvC monogram. , 1856. [Germany, Sonntag 16 November] Photograph. https://0-www.loc.gov.oasys.lib.oxy.edu/item/2005696660/.

APA citation style:

Schnorr Von Carolsfeld, J. (1856) Jesus appearing to his disciples on the Sea of Galilee / JSvC monogram. , 1856. [Germany, Sonntag 16 November] [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://0-www.loc.gov.oasys.lib.oxy.edu/item/2005696660/.

MLA citation style:

Schnorr Von Carolsfeld, Julius, Artist. Jesus appearing to his disciples on the Sea of Galilee / JSvC monogram. [Germany, Sonntag 16 November] Photograph. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/2005696660/>.