Photo, Print, Drawing [Landscape with a castle on a hill and three figures and horse] [A German castle]

[ digital file from b&w film copy neg., front ]

About this Item

Title
[Landscape with a castle on a hill and three figures and horse]
Other Title
[A German castle]
Summary
It is tempting to suggest that the subject is the Flight into Egypt. The figure to the left of the donkey appears to have wings. Perhaps Mary is standing with the child, and Joseph, on the donkey, is pointing the way (although one expects Mary to be on the donkey and Joseph walking). The early seventeenth century was a period of transition in landscape painting from the inclusion of religious and mythological subject matter supported by a landscape background to the landscape becoming the sole subject of a picture. Grimaldi always included figures in his landscapes, usually indicating a religious or mythological subject, but the figures are small in comparison to the nature depicted, pointing to the future path landscape painting would take.
Contributor Names
Grimaldi, Giovanni Francesco, 1606-1680, artist (attributed name
Lorrain, Claude, 1600-1682, artist (former attribution
Created / Published
[Rome, Italy] : [between 1625 and 1680]
Format Headings
Ink drawings--Italian--1620-1680.
Landscape drawings--Italian--1620-1680.
Notes
-  This sheet has another drawing on back titled: Landscape with a turret by a river with a figure in the foreground.
-  Gardiner Greene Hubbard Collection.
-  Blind stamp: Lugt suppl. 1267b.
-  Inscription, lower right in black chalk: "3[?]315."
-  Title, attribution, date, subject, and physical description by Diane de Grazia, 2011.
-  Former title from Catalog of the Gardiner Greene Hubbard collection of Engravings, 1905, p. 371.
-  Arthur Jeffrey Parsons, Catalog of the Gardiner Greene Hubbard Collection of Engravings, Washington, 1905, p. 371 (as Claude Lorrain).
-  Marcel G. Roethlisberger, "Some Early Clouds," Gazette des Beaux-Arts, vol. 111, May-June, 1988, pp. 289-291.
-  Gift; Gertrude Hubbard; 1898; (DLC/PP-1898:R01).
-  The drawing was previously associated with Claude Lorrain according to its attribution in the Hubbard catalogue. It was attributed to Grimaldi by Diane De Grazia Bohlin (note on mat) and published as such by Marcel Roethlisberger. As noted by Roethlisberger, the recto is reminiscent of the art of Paul Bril and Bartolomeus Breenbergh, whose works in Italy would have been known to Grimaldi.
-  The old attribution of this drawing to Claude Lorrain is understandable: the pen and ink and wash of the recto is consistent with that master's technique. However, the fluffy trees and the flattened application of the wash are reminiscent of Grimaldi's drawings. The figures on horseback appear in some of his prints (see, e.g. Bartsch 2-3). The compositions on both the recto and verso of this sheet are typical of Grimaldi: his landscapes are divided along horizontal planes leading into the distance, often with figures in the foreground at the side and a fortress on a hill, and, often, an arched bridge crossing a river (see, e.g. Bartsch 33). The buildings and landscape here suggest the Roman campagna, where Grimaldi received most of his inspiration. It is not possible to identify an exact building or place since Grimaldi evidently made composites of the sites he saw.
-  There is a fresco by Grimaldi in the Gallery of the Palazzo Muti-Papazzurri (now Balestra) in Rome (repr. Anna Maria Matteucci, Giovanni Francesco Grimaldi, Bologna, 2002, p. 13, fig. 10) that has a similar three-arched bridge over a river, to the left of which is a round building and crenelated wall similar to the drawing on the verso of this sheet. In another fresco in the same palace, there is a town on a hill (see Matteucci, fig. XXXVIII). Although somewhat different from the drawing, which is not a study for the painting, it suggests that Grimaldi referred to sheets like these for ideas for his various paintings. For a discussion of the palace, constructed in the second half of the seventeenth century (see Matteucci, pp.161). Since Grimaldi's landscape drawings tend to repetition of motif and style, it is difficult to date them with accuracy when they are not preparatory for a known painting or fresco.
-  Condition assessment: Foxed and dirty, 2014.
Medium
1 drawing on front of sheet : pen and brown ink and wash ; sheet 12.3 x 26.0 cm (4 7/8 x 10 1/4 in.)
Call Number/Physical Location
DRWG/MA, no. 25 (recto) (A size) [P&P]
Repository
Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA http://0-hdl.loc.gov.oasys.lib.oxy.edu/loc.pnp/pp.print
Digital Id
cph 3a52598 //hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/cph.3a52598
Library of Congress Control Number
2005696667
Reproduction Number
LC-USZ62-1855 (b&w film copy neg., front)
Rights Advisory
No known restrictions on publication.
Online Format
image
Description
1 drawing on front of sheet : pen and brown ink and wash ; sheet 12.3 x 26.0 cm (4 7/8 x 10 1/4 in.) | It is tempting to suggest that the subject is the Flight into Egypt. The figure to the left of the donkey appears to have wings. Perhaps Mary is standing with the child, and Joseph, on the donkey, is pointing the way (although one expects Mary to be on the donkey and Joseph walking). The early seventeenth century was a period of transition in landscape painting from the inclusion of religious and mythological subject matter supported by a landscape background to the landscape becoming the sole subject of a picture. Grimaldi always included figures in his landscapes, usually indicating a religious or mythological subject, but the figures are small in comparison to the nature depicted, pointing to the future path landscape painting would take.
LCCN Permalink
https://0-lccn.loc.gov.oasys.lib.oxy.edu/2005696667
Additional Metadata Formats
MARCXML Record
MODS Record
Dublin Core Record

Rights & Access

Rights assessment is your responsibility.

The Library of Congress generally does not own rights to material in its collections and, therefore, cannot grant or deny permission to publish or otherwise distribute the material. For information about assessing rights, see the Rights and Restrictions Information page.

  • Rights Advisory: No known restrictions on publication.
  • Reproduction Number: LC-USZ62-1855 (b&w film copy neg., front)
  • Call Number: DRWG/MA, no. 25 (recto) (A size) [P&P]
  • Access Advisory: ---

Obtaining Copies

If an image is displaying, you can download it yourself. (Some images display only as thumbnails outside the Library of Congress because of rights considerations, but you have access to larger size images on site.)

Alternatively, you can purchase copies of various types through Library of Congress Duplication Services.

  1. If a digital image is displaying: The qualities of the digital image partially depend on whether it was made from the original or an intermediate such as a copy negative or transparency. If the Reproduction Number field above includes a reproduction number that starts with LC-DIG..., then there is a digital image that was made directly from the original and is of sufficient resolution for most publication purposes.
  2. If there is information listed in the Reproduction Number field above: You can use the reproduction number to purchase a copy from Duplication Services. It will be made from the source listed in the parentheses after the number.

    If only black-and-white ("b&w") sources are listed and you desire a copy showing color or tint (assuming the original has any), you can generally purchase a quality copy of the original in color by citing the Call Number listed above and including the catalog record ("About This Item") with your request.

  3. If there is no information listed in the Reproduction Number field above: You can generally purchase a quality copy through Duplication Services. Cite the Call Number listed above and include the catalog record ("About This Item") with your request.

Price lists, contact information, and order forms are available on the Duplication Services Web site.

Access to Originals

Please use the following steps to determine whether you need to fill out a call slip in the Prints and Photographs Reading Room to view the original item(s). In some cases, a surrogate (substitute image) is available, often in the form of a digital image, a copy print, or microfilm.

  1. Is the item digitized? (A thumbnail (small) image will be visible on the left.)

    • Yes, the item is digitized. Please use the digital image in preference to requesting the original. All images can be viewed at a large size when you are in any reading room at the Library of Congress. In some cases, only thumbnail (small) images are available when you are outside the Library of Congress because the item is rights restricted or has not been evaluated for rights restrictions.
      As a preservation measure, we generally do not serve an original item when a digital image is available. If you have a compelling reason to see the original, consult with a reference librarian. (Sometimes, the original is simply too fragile to serve. For example, glass and film photographic negatives are particularly subject to damage. They are also easier to see online where they are presented as positive images.)
    • No, the item is not digitized. Please go to #2.
  2. Do the Access Advisory or Call Number fields above indicate that a non-digital surrogate exists, such as microfilm or copy prints?

    • Yes, another surrogate exists. Reference staff can direct you to this surrogate.
    • No, another surrogate does not exist. Please go to #3.
  3. If you do not see a thumbnail image or a reference to another surrogate, please fill out a call slip in the Prints and Photographs Reading Room. In many cases, the originals can be served in a few minutes. Other materials require appointments for later the same day or in the future. Reference staff can advise you in both how to fill out a call slip and when the item can be served.

To contact Reference staff in the Prints and Photographs Reading Room, please use our Ask A Librarian service or call the reading room between 8:30 and 5:00 at 202-707-6394, and Press 3.

Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Grimaldi, Giovanni Francesco, Artist (Attributed Name, and Claude Lorrain. Landscape With a Castle on a Hill and Three Figures and Horse. , None. [Rome, italy: between 1625 and 1680] Photograph. https://0-www.loc.gov.oasys.lib.oxy.edu/item/2005696667/.

APA citation style:

Grimaldi, G. F. & Lorrain, C. Landscape With a Castle on a Hill and Three Figures and Horse. , None. [Rome, italy: between 1625 and 1680] [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://0-www.loc.gov.oasys.lib.oxy.edu/item/2005696667/.

MLA citation style:

Grimaldi, Giovanni Francesco, Artist (Attributed Name, and Claude Lorrain. Landscape With a Castle on a Hill and Three Figures and Horse. [Rome, italy: between 1625 and 1680] Photograph. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/2005696667/>.