Notated Music Billy in the Low Land [music transcription]
About this Item
- Billy in the Low Land [music transcription]
- Contributor Names
- Jabbour, Alan (Transcriber)
- Created / Published
- [Between 1966 and 1968]
- Subject Headings
- - Instrumental music
- - Fiddle tunes
- - Folk music--Appalachian Region
- - Breakdowns
- - Reels
- - Ethnography
- - Sheet Music
- - Music score
- - United States -- Virginia -- Giles County -- Glen Lyn
- Sheet Music
- Music score
- - Meter: 4/4
- - Rendition: 1r-2r-1r-2r
- - Transcribed by Alan Jabbour, from a performance by Henry Reed.
- - Compass: 12
- - Key: G
- - Strains: 2 (low-high, 4-4)
- - Phrase Structure: ABCD QB'QR (abcd aefg qb'cd qb'f'g)
- - Stylistic features: Slurred bowing.
- - Related Tune(s): Shelving Rock
- - Handwritten: Played thru twice: 2nd time transcribed, 1st has some variations recorded below.
- - Henry Reed called this tune "the old Franklin County Billy in the Low Land." Franklin County, Virginia, lies along the Blue Ridge in an area from which not only his mother's family but some of his fiddling Monroe County neighbors had come in the nineteenth century. His musical lineage for the tune is borne out by the fact that it appears in Knauff's Virginia Reels (1839), called "Billy in the Low Grounds: A Virginia Reel," which reflects Southside Virginia tradition in the earlier nineteenth century. Another Virginia-North Carolina set with the same title is Person, A Collection of Popular Airs (1889), p. 14, and modern sets were documented by Jabbour from Joe Anglin in Martinsville, Virginia, and by Malvin Artley, The West Virginia Country Fiddler, p. 45, from central West Virginia. The Hollow Rock String Band recorded a version of this tune learned from Henry Reed (Rounder 0024), which has given the tune a bit of renewed contemporary circulation. The tune has the feel of an old British-American tune, but it cannot be traced clearly beyond its roots in the American Upper South. It always seems to be played in the key of G, and Henry Reed's comments cited above reflect in part his awareness that there is another "Billy," usually played in C, with wide circulation in America. In fact, he himself played a version of that other tune, calling it "Shelving Rock."
- manuscript; 1 page
- Call Number/Physical Location
- AFC 1967/007: Notebook 2:63
- Source Collection
- Alan Jabbour duplication project, part 1
- American Folklife Center
- Digital Id
- Online Format
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Please cite the source collection title, collection number, and repository, for example:
Alan Jabbour duplication project, part 1 (AFC 1967/007), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress
Alan Jabbour duplication project, part 2 (AFC 1969/008), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress
Fiddle tunes of the old frontier: the Henry Reed collection online presentation (AFC 1999/016), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress
Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.
Chicago citation style:
Jabbour, Alan. Billy in the Low Land music transcription. [Between 1966 and 1968, 1966] Notated Music. https://0-www.loc.gov.oasys.lib.oxy.edu/item/afcreed000021/.
APA citation style:
Jabbour, A. (1966) Billy in the Low Land music transcription. [Between 1966 and 1968] [Notated Music] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://0-www.loc.gov.oasys.lib.oxy.edu/item/afcreed000021/.
MLA citation style:
Jabbour, Alan. Billy in the Low Land music transcription. [Between 1966 and 1968, 1966] Notated Music. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/afcreed000021/>.