Notated Music Fisher's Hornpipe [in G] [music transcription]

About this Item

Title
Fisher's Hornpipe [in G] [music transcription]
Contributor Names
Jabbour, Alan (Transcriber)
Created / Published
[Between 1966 and 1968]
Subject Headings
-  Instrumental music
-  Fiddle tunes
-  Hornpipes
-  Folk music--Appalachian Region
-  Ethnography
-  Sheet Music
-  Music score
-  United States -- Virginia -- Giles County -- Glen Lyn
Genre
Ethnography
Sheet Music
Music score
Notes
-  Meter: 4/4
-  Transcribed by Alan Jabbour, from a performance by Henry Reed.
-  Rendition: 1r-2r-1r-2
-  Compass: 13
-  Key: G
-  Strains: 2 (low-high, 4-4)
-  Title change: The title appeared on the transcription as "Fisher's Hornpipe."
-  Phrase Structure: ABAC QRST (abbc abde qrq's tuvw)
-  Stylistic features: Slower pace, appropriate in old hornpipe style. Uses slurs and separate strokes in bowing. Once he reaches up for a high C on E-string.
-  Handwritten: Played thru twice, but 2nd str. not repeated 2nd time. Some of bowings need checking.
-  The hornpipe seems to have developed in the later eighteenth century as a solo fancy dance, with the dancer typically accompanied by a 4/4 tune played on the newly democratized violin at a somewhat slower tempo than a reel. (The hornpipe of earlier British tradition in 3/2 time is a different genre with the same name.) One of the earliest and most widely circulated of all modern hornpipe tunes is "Fisher's Hornpipe." Its name is sometimes taken as a tribute to fishermen as an occupational group, but in fact it is the name of the original composer; the tune first appears in J. Fishar's Sixteen Cotillons, Twelve Allemands and Twelve Hornpipes (London, ca. 1780), p. 48. Fishar was, as the title page explains, "Principal Dancer and Ballet Master at the Theatre Royal, Covent Garden."By the beginning of the nineteenth century the tune was already appearing in manuscript tunebooks from America, and it has appeared in countless published tunebooks since then, often set in the key of F. American Fiddle Tunes (Library of Congress, AFS L62) contains further discussion and citations. Henry Reed's sets illustrate nicely the two keys in which traditional sets are usually played--either in G (here) or in D (AFS 13037a03). A comparison of the two illustrates how a tune varies to fit the range and fingering patterns dictated by the key. Yet another set in this collection, played on a C-harmonica (AFS 13705a49), is something of a harmonica tour de force.
Medium
manuscript; 1 page
Call Number/Physical Location
AFC 1967/007: Notebook 2:54
Source Collection
Alan Jabbour duplication project, part 1
Repository
American Folklife Center
Digital Id
http://0-hdl.loc.gov.oasys.lib.oxy.edu/loc.afc/afcreed.reedt012
Online Format
image

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Credit line

Please cite the source collection title, collection number, and repository, for example:

Alan Jabbour duplication project, part 1 (AFC 1967/007), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress

Alan Jabbour duplication project, part 2 (AFC 1969/008), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress

Fiddle tunes of the old frontier: the Henry Reed collection online presentation (AFC 1999/016), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress

Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Jabbour, Alan. Fisher's Hornpipe in G music transcription. [Between 1966 and 1968, 1966] Notated Music. https://0-www.loc.gov.oasys.lib.oxy.edu/item/afcreed000029/.

APA citation style:

Jabbour, A. (1966) Fisher's Hornpipe in G music transcription. [Between 1966 and 1968] [Notated Music] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://0-www.loc.gov.oasys.lib.oxy.edu/item/afcreed000029/.

MLA citation style:

Jabbour, Alan. Fisher's Hornpipe in G music transcription. [Between 1966 and 1968, 1966] Notated Music. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/afcreed000029/>.