About this Item

Title
[Natchez]
Contributor Names
Jabbour, Alan (Transcriber)
Jabbour, Alan (Collector)
Reed, Henry, 1884-1968 (Performer)
Created / Published
Reed family home, Glen Lyn, Giles County, Virginia, August 27, 1966
Subject Headings
-  Instrumental music
-  Fiddle tunes
-  Hornpipes
-  Folk music--Appalachian Region
-  Ethnography
-  Music
-  Field recordings
-  United States -- Virginia -- Giles County -- Glen Lyn
Genre
Ethnography
Music
Field recordings
Notes
-  Meter: 4/4
-  Compass: 15
-  Related Tune(s): Old Zip Coon
-  Related Tune(s): Jolly is the Miller
-  Related Tune(s): The Rose Tree
-  Title change: The title appeared in the fieldnotes as "Unnamed."
-  Performed by Henry Reed, fiddle.
-  Key: D/G
-  Strains: 2 (low-high, 5-4)
-  Rendition: 1-(pause)-1-2r-1
-  Phrase Structure: First performance fragmentary; second performance (in G): ABACD QRCD (abcd abefcg qq'rr' efcg)
-  Stylistic features: Henry Reed begins this rendition in D, forcing tune to high D on E-string, then stops and plays it in G. "Natchez" was supposed to be in A.
-  Spoken: [middle of performance]/HENRY REED: That ain't "Natchez" yet.[after tune]/ALAN JABBOUR: Is that it?/HENRY REED: Nope./ALAN JABBOUR: I didn't think so./HENRY REED: That's not "Natchez"--that's another one, now I don't know the name of it.
-  Recording chronology: 063
-  Related Tune(s): Turkey in the Straw
-  Duration: 56 seconds
-  Henry Reed made several attempts to recall "Natchez," which foundered because he was beginning in the wrong keys (as in this performance). He finally realized that it belonged in the key of A and produced a complete performance in AFS 13705a35. He plays it as a set piece at a leisurely pace, almost like a hornpipe. The tune is an independent scion of the large family of tunes descended from the British tune "The Rose Tree," of which "Turkey in the Straw" is the most famous American branch (see discussion of that tune under AFS 13033b13 in this collection)."Natchez" is usually called "Natchez under the Hill," referring to the rough but lively waterfront neighborhood of Natchez, Mississippi, along the bank of the Mississippi River. The town proper is on a bluff overlooking the river, but the waterfront area "under the hill" was the port, roustabout neighborhood, and red-light district. Variants of "Natchez" date back at least to the 1830s, when it was already associated with riverboat traffic and commerce on the Mississippi frontier. See Knauff, Virginia Reels (1839), vol. 1, #11, "Natchez on the Hill," and discussion and citations for the Arkansas set of "Natchez under the Hill" in American Fiddle Tunes (Library of Congress, AFS L62).
Medium
Audio tape
Call Number/Physical Location
AFC 1967/007: AFS 13035B07
Source Collection
Alan Jabbour duplication project, part 1
Repository
American Folklife Center
Digital Id
http://0-hdl.loc.gov.oasys.lib.oxy.edu/loc.afc/afcreed.13035b07
Online Format
audio

Rights & Access

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The Library of Congress is not aware of any U.S. copyright protection (see Title 17, U.S.C.) or any other restrictions in the material in this collection, except as noted below. Users should keep in mind that the Library of Congress is providing access to these materials strictly for educational and research purposes. The written permission of the copyright owners and/or other holders of rights (such as publicity and/or privacy rights) is required for distribution, reproduction, or other use of protected items beyond that allowed by fair use or other statutory exemptions. Responsibility for making an independent legal assessment of an item and securing any necessary permissions ultimately rests with persons desiring to use the item. See our Legal Notices for additional information and restrictions.

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Photographs in this collection produced by Carl Fleischhauer, Karen Singer Jabbour, and Kit Olson are reproduced here with their permission. Mr. Fleischhauer does not object to additional use of the photos he created provided he is credited as the photographer. Persons contemplating other kinds of uses or use of the other photographers' work should contact the American Folklife Center at the Library of Congress.

Credit line

Please cite the source collection title, collection number, and repository, for example:

Alan Jabbour duplication project, part 1 (AFC 1967/007), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress

Alan Jabbour duplication project, part 2 (AFC 1969/008), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress

Fiddle tunes of the old frontier: the Henry Reed collection online presentation (AFC 1999/016), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress

Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Jabbour, Alan, Alan Jabbour, and Henry Reed. Natchez. Reed family home, Glen Lyn, Giles County, Virginia, 1966. Audio. https://0-www.loc.gov.oasys.lib.oxy.edu/item/afcreed000133/.

APA citation style:

Jabbour, A., Jabbour, A. & Reed, H. (1966) Natchez. Reed family home, Glen Lyn, Giles County, Virginia. [Audio] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://0-www.loc.gov.oasys.lib.oxy.edu/item/afcreed000133/.

MLA citation style:

Jabbour, Alan, Alan Jabbour, and Henry Reed. Natchez. Reed family home, Glen Lyn, Giles County, Virginia, 1966. Audio. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/afcreed000133/>.