LC Update for ALA
Update for 2018 ALA Midwinter Meeting: June - December, 2017
Joseph A. Puccio, Acting Associate Librarian for Library Services
Service units, divisions, and offices within the Library have submitted the information in this briefing document, which is being issued in advance of the American Library Association (ALA) 2018 Midwinter Meeting in Denver, Colo., Feb. 9-13, 2018. The document covers initiatives undertaken at the Library of Congress since the ALA 2017 Annual Conference in Chicago, Ill., June 22-27, 2017. This document will be updated regularly until the close of the Midwinter Meeting. Information in the printed document is valid as of February 2, 2018.
Library of Congress Exhibit Booth
Visit the Library of Congress Exhibit Booth #1522 at the Colorado Convention Center (CCC) in Denver, CO. The Library of Congress’s booth manager is Michelle Spezzacatena.The other Library of Congress employees who will be present at the Pavilion are Ellis Brachman, David Grant, Xander Harcourt, Beatriz Haspo, Jarrod MacNeil, and Colleen Shogan. They will hand out promotional items and documents and will respond to questions from ALA attendees. There will be a video about the Library, LOC trivia games, and selfie screen at the Pavilion but no theater presentations.
Exhibit booth hours are:
- Friday, February 9: 5:30-7:30pm (ribbon-cutting at 5:15pm)
- Saturday-Sunday, February 10-11: 9am-5pm
- Monday, February 12: 9am-2pm
OFFICE OF THE LIBRARIAN
Robert Newlen, deputy librarian of Congress, retired from the Library effective Sept. 30, 2017.
Mark Sweeney, associate librarian for Library Services, is also serving as acting deputy librarian of Congress, effective Sept. 30, 2017.
CONGRESSIONAL RELATIONS OFFICE (CRO)
Continuing Resolution and Budget Negotiations
Congress passed and the President signed the latest short-term continuing resolution (CR), H.R. 195 on Jan. 22, 2018, following a three-day government shutdown that began on Jan. 20. The CR will fund government operations through February 8, 2018 while Congress continues to negotiate final fiscal 2018 appropriations. The government has been operating under a series of stopgap funding measures since Oct. 1, 2017. Early negotiations include discussions between congressional leaders and the White House on reaching a two-year bipartisan budget agreement, as well as resolving protracted negotiations related to immigration policy and deferred action for childhood arrivals (DACA). Discussions around 2018 funding continue as Congress approaches the expiration of the current CR.
Oversight Committee Changes
Committee on House Administration (CHA) Chairman Gregg Harper (R-MS) and Ranking Member Bob Brady (D-PA) have announced they will not seek re-election in 2018. Their departures will also create vacancies in the Joint Committee on the Library in 2019.
Following the resignation of former Ranking Member John Conyers (D-MI), Rep. Jerry Nadler (D-NY) became the top Democrat on the House Judiciary Committee in December 2017. Judiciary Committee Chairman Bob Goodlatte (R-VA) has also announced his intention to retire at the end of 2018.
Congress is taking a closer look at anti-discrimination and anti-harassment policies as a result of recent reports and allegations of harassment. Such efforts include Members working on comprehensive proposals to strengthen employee protections in the Legislative Branch more broadly, and directly impacting Library employees.
In the House, Chairman Gregg Harper (R-MS) has announced that CHA intends to move forward with legislation to reform the Congressional Accountability Act of 1995 (CAA). CHA held two hearings on sexual harassment in fall 2017. In the December 2017 hearing, Ranking Member Brady asked whether the Library should be covered by the CAA. The Executive Director Office of Compliance indicated that she thinks the Library should be. The Library’s Regulations (LCRs) currently govern sexual harassment procedures for its employees.
In January 2018, CHA introduced a bipartisan bill, H.R. 4822, the Congressional Accountability Act of 1995 Reform Act with the following key features:
- The Office of Compliance (OOC), renamed in the bill to be the Office of Congressional Workplace Rights (OCWR), would have jurisdiction over workplace discrimination claims, including sexual harassment, initiated by Library employees and unpaid staff, including interns, fellows, and individuals detailed to the Library. The extent to which internal Library EEO processes will be retained as an option for Library employees is still being worked out by the bill’s drafters.
- Covered employing offices, including the Library, would be required to reimburse the CAA payments fund in the U.S. Treasury for amounts paid out in awards or settlements in connection with covered discrimination claims. The employing office shall transfer the amount “out of any funds available for operating expenses of the office” not later than 180 days after receiving notice of the payment from the OCWR.
- The bill would require a workplace climate survey of the Library, and other covered offices, by OCWR not later than one year after the date of the enactment, and every 2 years thereafter.
- The bill also includes changes to reform the CAA, including eliminating mandatory counseling and mediation provisions. OCWR’s General Counsel would have investigative and subpoena powers.
The OCWR would also be required to report and publish online every six months reports containing information on awards and settlements, including the employing office; the amount of the award or settlement; and the violation claim.
Regular 2018 Appropriations
The Library’s fiscal 2018 budget, prepared by the Office of the Chief Financial Officer (OCFO), requests $737.63 million in total budget authority, including $687.71 million in annual appropriations and $49.92 million in offsetting receipts authority. The budget represents a 7.8 percent increase over fiscal 2017, or $53.59 million in budget authority. Of the increase, $43.28 million would fund mandatory pay and price-level increases. The request includes critical IT investments to support modernization, with a particular focus on:
- Enterprise Investment in IT Modernization, OCIO ($9.693 million/funding for 11 full-time equivalent positions (FTE)) – To upgrade the Library’s enterprise technology infrastructure;
- Copyright IT Modernization ($3.629 million, of which $2.26 mllion to be derived from prior-year unobligated balances) – To assess requirements for a next generation registration system and maintain legacy systems while modernization is underway; and
- Integrated Research and Information Systems (IRIS), Congressional Research Service ($4 million for the first year of a five-year investment of $20 million) – To modernize Congressional Research Service (CRS) IT applications used in fulfilling congressional requests.
The Library also seeks support in fiscal 2018 for important workforce capacity needs, which include funding for 8 NTE appointments for junior CRS analysts in areas of heavy congressional demand; 1 FTE in the Inspector General’s Office to bolster oversight of IT investments; 11 Information Technology Specialists in OCIO to support centralization; and 22 FTE in the Copyright Office to provide registration services, legal expertise, and public information staffing.
The House passed the fiscal 2018 Legislative Branch Appropriations bill as part of a four-bill “minibus” in July 2017 (H.R. 3219, by a 235-192 vote) and it was later incorporated into a 12-bill omnibus, which the House passed in September 2017 (H.R. 3354, by a 211-198 vote.) The bill recommended $648.03 million in total appropriations for the Library, an increase of more than $16 million over the current fiscal year. The bill also provides another $49.92 million in offsetting receipt authority and prior year unobligated balances, for a total spending authority of $697.94 million. Increased funding was provided for information technology modernization within the Library, the Copyright Office, and the Congressional Research Service. Within the Architect of the Capitol’s (AOC’s) budget, the bill provides $76.10 million for Library Buildings and Grounds, which includes $45 million for Ft. Meade Module 6 (off-site storage).
In addition, the Committee considered language to make non-confidential CRS reports public and for CRS to submit within 90 days of enactment a plan to oversight committees detailing its recommendations for implementing this effort as well as any associated cost estimates. Similar to the House, the Senate Appropriations Committee approved administrative language to make non-confidential CRS reports public. The Senate’s language would make reports available to the public via the Government Publishing Office’s web site while the House language directs the Library to do so, encouraging consultation with GPO.
On July 27, 2017, the Senate Committee on Appropriations marked up and approved its fiscal 2018 Legislative Branch appropriations bill, S. 1648. The Committee recommended an appropriation of $638.87 million, $6.92 million above the fiscal 2017 enacted level. The bill includes funding for information technology modernization and modernization of mission-specific systems of the Copyright Office and CRS, as well as eight additional support staff for areas of high demand within CRS. The bill also provides another $49.92 million in offsetting receipt authority and prior year unobligated balances, for a total spending authority of $688.79 million. Within the AOC’s budget, the bill provides $27.44 million for Library Buildings and Grounds to support the operating budget and minor construction. The full Senate has yet to vote on its fiscal 2018 spending bills.
Congressional Hearings Strategic Planning—July 26, 2017
CHA on July 26 held a hearing titled “Oversight of the Library of Congress' Strategic Plan.” Librarian of Congress Carla Hayden testified on the Library’s strategic plan and current initiatives to update it. Members of the Committee took particular interest in the envisioning effort, the current and new strategic plan, its impact on CRS and VHP, performance measures, the Copyright Office, historic legislative data, and public programming. Chairman Gregg Harper remarked, “I believe the Library is at a critical juncture, and we must ensure that the Library remains true to its core mission while recognizing the demands of the 21st century.” The Chairman added, “it’s a difficult balance, but I’m confident you are up to the challenge and that this can be done.”
This section summarizes significant legislation introduced during the 115th Congress impacting the Library of Congress. For additional information on any bill listed below, refer to its bill information page on Congress.gov. Several bills have been reintroduced from previous Congresses. These bills are marked as [REINTRODUCED] below.
S.2271 - Museum and Library Services Act of 2017 Date Introduced: 12/21/2017
Introduced by: Sen. Jack Reed (D-RI)
Latest Action: On 12/21/2017, referred to the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions.
S.2271 would reauthorize the originating statute for the Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS), the Museum and Library Services Act. Specific to the Library, the bill would expand interagency collaboration with IMLS to include working with the Library of Congress, along with several other executive and legislative branch agencies. Areas of interagency collaboration are specified in the bill as:
- “initiatives, materials, or technology to support workforce development activities undertaken by libraries;”
- ldquo;resource and policy approaches to eliminate barriers to fully leveraging the role of libraries and museums in supporting the early learning, literacy, lifelong learning, digital literacy, workforce development, and education needs of the people of the United States; and”
- “initiatives, materials, or technology to support educational, cultural, historical, scientific, environmental, and other activities undertaken by museums.”
H.R.4631 - Access to Congressionally Mandated Reports Act
[REINTRODUCED since 111th CONGRESS]
Date Introduced: 12/12/2017
Introduced by: Rep. Mike Quigley (D-IL)
Latest Action: On 12/12/2017, referred to the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, and in addition to the Committee on House Administration, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker.
This bill would require the Government Publishing Office (GPO) to establish and maintain a publicly available website containing copies of all congressionally mandated reports. Specific to the Library, this bill would require the Library to submit to the GPO a list of all congressionally mandated reports from the previous year. The list would be provided in an open format and submitted at least annually by April 1 of each year.
S.1648 - Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2018
Date Introduced: 7/27/2017
Introduced by: Sen. James Lankford (R-OK)
Latest Action: On 7/27/2017, Committee on Appropriations. Original measure reported to Senate by Senator Lankford. With written report No. 115-137.
The Committee Report (S. Rept. 115-137) also included report language impacting:
- “Congressional Accountability Act Coverage for Library Employees.— The Committee includes a provision which provides Library of Congress employees coverage under the Congressional Accountability Act. Employees of the Library will have the option to utilize the services of the Office of Compliance, while maintaining the current Library and collective bargaining agreement processes…”
- “Preservation.—The Committee notes that the Library utilizes multiple preservation strategies to extend the life of its vast collections for future generations to enjoy, including building and operating climate-controlled storage facilities, preparing new acquisitions for commercial binding and shelving, deacidification, and digital reformatting. During 2016, the Library executed over 9.5 million preservation actions on its books, serials, prints, photographs, audio-visual and other high value, high use, and at-risk items. In 2016, the Library and the Architect of the Capitol began construction of a fifth climate-controlled storage facility at Fort Meade, Maryland. The Committee supports the Library’s preservation efforts and directs the Library to continue funding for ongoing preservation activities at not less than the current level for each ongoing preservation strategy.”
- “National Film and Sound Recording Preservation Programs—The Committee recognizes the important work of the National Film Preservation Program and the National Sound Recording Preservation Program, including the federally chartered National Film and National Recording Preservation Foundations. Consistent with the authorizing statute, the Foundations utilize both public and private matching funds to provide grants to a wide array of educational and non-profit organizations that help preserve historical and cultural artifacts that would otherwise disappear or be destroyed over time. Given that these programs were reauthorized under the Library of Congress Sound Recording and Film Preservation Programs Reauthorization Act of 2016 (Public Law 114–217), the Committee expects that the Library will provide support to these programs.”
- “Public Access to CRS Reports.—The bill includes a provision directing the Library of Congress’s Congressional Research Service [CRS] to make available to the public all non-confidential CRS reports on a website operated and maintained by the Government Publishing Office [GPO]. Non-confidential CRS reports include any CRS report containing research or analysis that is currently available for general congressional access on the CRS Congressional Intranet, or that would be made available on the CRS Congressional Intranet in the normal course of business. Non-confidential CRS reports do not include reports prepared in direct response to a Congressional office request for custom analysis or research. CRS reports are funded by taxpayers and should be made available to citizens, schools and libraries across the country. Publishing of CRS reports will not impede CRS’s core mission and is in keeping with the Committee’s priority of full transparency to the American people. Within 60 days of enactment of this act CRS, in consultation with GPO, shall provide to the relevant oversight Committees, including the House and Senate Appropriations Committees, a plan for making these reports available by the end of Fiscal Year 2018, well as any associated cost estimates.” Related bill language is found at Sec. 123 of the Administrative Provision section of the bill.
- he Committee Report (S. Rept. 115-137) included report language noting that the bill fully funded the Copyright Office IT modernization request and that the Committee commends the collaboration of the Copyright Office with the Library’s Office of Chief Information Officer [OCIO] in the overall IT modernization effort for the Library.
H.R.3354 - Make America Secure and Prosperous Appropriations Act for Fiscal Year 2018
Date Introduced: 7/21/2017
Introduced by: Rep. Ken Calvert (R-CA)
Latest Action: On 9/14/2017, passed the House by a 211 - 198 (Roll no. 528). On 7/27/2017, H.R.3162, the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2018 passed the House as part of a four-bill “minibus” H.R. 3219, by a 235-192 vote, and was later incorporated into a 12-bill omnibus, which the House passed on 9/14/2017, H.R. 3354.
The Committee Report (H.Rept 115-199) included report language impacting:
- “eReader Program: In 2016 Congress authorized the National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped (NLS) to provide readers for electronic braille (Public Law 114–219). The Committee included report language in the fiscal year 2017 omnibus supporting the NLS approach of a pilot program to study braille eReaders, and with information learned from the pilot, work with the network of participating NLS libraries to scale the braille eReader program up so that it can deliver the increased accessibility that Congress intended. The Committee directs the NLS to share the results of that pilot with the Committee in order to identify what, if any, additional resources will be required to implement the braille eReaders program nationwide.”
- “Public Access to CRS Reports: The Committee directs the Library of Congress’s Congressional Research Service (CRS) to make available to the public, all non-confidential reports. The Committee has debated this issue for several years, and after considering debate and testimony from entities inside the legislative branch and beyond the Committee believes the publishing of CRS reports will not impede CRS’s core mission in any impactful way and is in keeping with the Committee’s priority of full transparency to the American people. Within 90 days of enactment of this act CRS is directed to submit a plan to its oversight committees detailing its recommendations for implementing this effort as well as any associated cost estimates. Where practicable, CRS is encouraged to consult with the Government Publishing Office (GPO) in developing their plan; the Committee believes GPO could be of assistance in this effort.”
- The House Committee Report (H.Rept 115-199) included similar report language to the Senate bill, encouraging the collaborative work between the United States Copyright Office (USCO) and the Library of Congress’s Office of the Chief Information Officer’s Office (OCIO). The Committee continues to support a shared-services approach with regards to commodity IT services.
H.R.1729 - Statutes at Large Modernization Act
[REINTRODUCED since 113th Congress]
Date Introduced: 3/27/2017
Introduced by: Rep. Dave Brat (R-VA)
Latest Action: On 3/27/2017, referred to the House Committee on House Administration.
The Statutes at Large Modernization Act would provide the public with access to the United States Statutes at Large. The bill would direct the Librarian of Congress to make searchable statutes available on Congress.gov/LIS.
H.R.4504 -Transparency in Government Act of 2017
Date Introduced: 11/30/2017
Introduced by: Rep. Mike Quigley (D-IL)
Latest Action: On 11/30/2017, referred to the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, and in addition to the Committees on Rules, House Administration, the Judiciary, Ethics, Ways and Means, and Financial Services, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker.
H.R. 4504 proposes several policy changes related to improving access to information within the Legislative and Executive Branches of the Government. Specific to the Library, the bill would establish a Congressional Data Task Force to recommend data standards for the creation, exchange, and publication of congressional information. The task force shall be composed of staff from the Clerk of the House, the Secretary of the Senate, the Library of Congress, the Congressional Research Service, the Government Printing Office, the Center for Legislative Archives, other congressional offices and agencies [as] may be necessary, and representatives of the public.
Title III of the bill contains language identical to the “Equal Access to Congressional Research Service Reports Act of 2017,” a bill to make CRS reports public.
H.R.4706 - the Music Modernization Act
Date Introduced: 12/21/2017
Introduced by: Rep. Doug Collins (R-GA)
Latest Action: On 12/21/2017, referred to the House Committee on the Judiciary.
H.R. 4706 proposes to amend Title 17 of the United States Code to modernize the licensing system for musical works under section 115 and to reform the establishment of certain rates and fees under sections 114 and 115 of Title 17. Among other things, the bill would enact a new “willing buyer” standard for mechanical royalties based on what would be negotiated in a free market; create a new entity governed by publishers and self-published songwriters to administer blanket licenses for mechanical use (replacing the bulk Notice of Intent (NOI) process run through the Copyright Office); remove evidence limitations in rate courts related to public performance royalties; and reform the rate court system for ASCAP and BMI.
H.R.3945 - CASE Act of 2017
[REINTRODUCED since 114th Congress]
Date Introduced: 10/4/2017
Introduced by: Rep. Hakeem Jeffries (D-NY)
Latest Action: On 10/4/2017, referred to the House Committee on the Judiciary.
H. R. 3945 would establish a small claims board in the U.S. Copyright Office to serve as an alternative, voluntary forum for parties to resolve certain copyright claims up to $30,000. The board would be authorized to: (1) conduct hearings and conferences to facilitate parties' settlement of claims and counterclaims; (2) render independent determinations based on copyright laws and regulations; (3) award monetary relief; and (4) require cessation or mitigation of infringing activity, including the takedown or destruction of infringing materials, where the parties agree.
Library of Congress Oversight Committees
|Joint Committee on the Library of Congress|
Gregg Harper, Mississippi, Chairman
Kevin Yoder, Kansas
Barry Loudermilk, Georgia
Robert Brady, Pennsylvania
Zoe Lofgren, California
Richard Shelby, Alabama, Vice-Chairman
Pat Roberts, Kansas
Roy Blunt, Missouri
Amy Klobuchar, Minnesota
Patrick Leahy, Vermont
|Committee on House Administration|
Gregg Harper, Mississippi, Chairman
Rodney Davis, Illinois, Vice-Chairman
Barbara Comstock, Virginia
Mark Walker, North Carolina
Adrian Smith, Nebraska
Barry Loudermilk, Georgia
Robert Brady, Pennsylvania, Ranking Member
Zoe Lofgren, California
Jamie Raskin, Maryland
|Senate Committee on Rules and Administration|
Richard Shelby, Alabama, Chairman
Mitch McConnell, Kentucky
Thad Cochran, Mississippi
Lamar Alexander, Tennessee
Pat Roberts, Kansas
Roy Blunt, Missouri
Ted Cruz, Texas
Shelley Moore Capito, West Virginia
Roger Wicker, Mississippi
Deb Fischer, Nebraska
Amy Klobuchar, Minnesota, Ranking Member
Dianne Feinstein, California
Dick Durbin, Illinois
Chuck Schumer, New York
Tom Udall, New Mexico
Mark Warner, Virginia
Patrick Leahy, Vermont
Angus King, Maine
Catherine Cortez Masto, Nevada
|House Legislative Branch Appropriations Subcommittee|
Kevin Yoder, Kansas, Chairman
Mark Amodei, Nevada, Vice Chairman
Dan Newhouse, Washington
John Moolenaar, Michigan
Scott Taylor, Virginia
Rodney Frelinghuysen, New Jersey, Ex Officio, Voting
Tim Ryan, Ohio, Ranking Member
Betty McCollum, Minnesota
Debbie Wasserman Schultz, Florida
Nita Lowey, Ex Officio, Voting
|Senate Legislative Branch Appropriations Subcommittee|
James Lankford, Oklahoma, Chairman
Marco Rubio, Florida
John Kennedy, Louisiana
Thad Cochran, Mississippi, Ex Officio, Non-Voting
Chris Murphy, Connecticut, Ranking Member
Chris Van Hollen, Maryland
Patrick Leahy, Vermont, Ex Officio, Non-Voting
|House Appropriations Committee|
Rodney Frelinghuysen, New Jersey, Chairman
Hal Rogers, Kentucky
Robert B. Aderholt, Alabama
Kay Granger, Texas
Michael K. Simpson, Idaho
John Abney Culberson, Texas
John R. Carter, Texas
Ken Calvert, California
Tom Cole, Oklahoma
Mario Diaz-Balart, Florida
Charles W. Dent, Pennsylvania
Tom Graves, Georgia
Kevin Yoder, Kansas
Steve Womack, Arkansas
|Jeff Fortenberry, Nebraska
Tom Rooney, Florida
Chuck Fleischmann, Tennessee
Jaime Herrera Beutler, Washington
David Joyce, Ohio
David Valadao, California
Andy Harris, MD, Maryland
Martha Roby, Alabama
Mark Amodei, Nevada
Chris Stewart, Utah
David Young, Iowa
Evan Jenkins, West Virginia
Steven Palazzo, Mississippi
Dan Newhouse, Washington
John Moolenaar, Michigan
Scott Taylor, Virginia
Nita Lowey, New York, Ranking Member
Marcy Kaptur, Ohio
Peter Visclosky, Indiana
José Serrano, New York
Rosa DeLauro, Connecticut
David Price, North Carolina
Lucille Roybal-Allard, California
Sanford Bishop, Jr., Georgia
Barbara Lee, California
Betty McCollum, Minnesota
Tim Ryan, Ohio
|C.A. Dutch Ruppersberger, Maryland
Debbie Wasserman Schultz, Florida
Henry Cuellar, Texas
Chellie Pingree, Maine
Mike Quigley, Illinois
Derek Kilmer, Washington
Matt Cartwright, Pennsylvania
Grace Meng, New York
Mark Pocan, Wisconsin
Katherine Clark, Massachusetts
Pete Aguilar, California
|Senate Appropriations Committee|
Thad Cochran, Mississippi, Chairman
Mitch McConnell, Kentucky
Richard Shelby, Alabama
Lamar Alexander, Tennessee
Susan Collins, Maine
John Kennedy, Louisiana
Lisa Murkowski, Alaska
Lindsey Graham, South Carolina
Roy Blunt, Missouri
Jerry Moran, Kansas
John Hoeven, North Dakota
John Boozman, Arkansas
Shelley Moore Capito, West Virginia
James Lankford, Oklahoma
Steve Daines, Montana
Marco Rubio, Florida
John Kennedy, Louisiana
Patrick Leahy, Vermont, Vice-Chairman
Patty Murray, Washington
Dianne Feinstein, California
Dick Durbin, Illinois
Jack Reed, Rhode Island
Jon Tester, Montana
Tom Udall, New Mexico
Jeanne Shaheen, New Hampshire
Jeff Merkley, Oregon
Chris Coons, Delaware
Brian Schatz, Hawaii
Tammy Baldwin, Wisconsin
Chris Murphy, Connecticut
Joe Manchin, West Virginia
Chris Van Hollen, Maryland
|Senate Judiciary Committee|
Charles E. Grassley, Iowa, Chairman
Orrin G. Hatch, Utah
Lindsey Graham, South Carolina
John Cornyn, Texas
Mike Lee, Utah
Ted Cruz, Texas
Ben Sasse, Nebraska
Jeff Flake, Arizona
Michael D. Crapo, Idaho
Thom Tillis, North Carolina
John Kennedy, Louisiana
Dianne Feinstein, California, Ranking Member
Patrick J. Leahy, Vermont
Richard J. Durbin, Illinois
Sheldon Whitehouse, Rhode Island
Amy Klobuchar, Minnesota
Chris Coons, Delaware
Richard Blumenthal, Connecticut
Mazie K. Hirono, Hawaii
Cory Booker, New Jersey
Kamala Harris, California
|House Judiciary Committee|
Bob Goodlatte, Virginia, Chairman
Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr., Wisconsin
Lamar Smith, Texas
Steve Chabot, Ohio
Darrell Issa, California
Steve King, Iowa
Louie Gohmert, Texas
Jim Jordan, Ohio
Ted Poe, Texas
Tom Marino, Pennsylvania
Trey Gowdy, South Carolina
Raúl Labrador, Idaho
Blake Farenthold, Texas
Doug Collins, Georgia
Ron DeSantis, Florida
Ken Buck, Colorado
John Ratcliffe, Texas
Martha Roby, Alabama
Matt Gaetz, Florida
Mike Johnson, Louisiana
Andy Biggs, Arizona
John Rutherford, Florida
Karen Handel, Georgia
Jerry Nadler, New York, Ranking Member
Zoe Lofgren, California
Sheila Jackson Lee, Texas
Steve Cohen, Tennessee
Hank Johnson, Jr., Georgia
Ted Deutch, Florida
Luis Gutierrez, Illinois
Karen Bass, California
Cedric Richmond, Louisiana
Hakeem Jeffries, New York
David Cicilline, Rhode Island
Ted Lieu, California
Jamie Raskin, Maryland
Pramila Jayapal, Washington
Brad Schneider, Illinois
Val Demings, Florida
|House Subcommittee on Courts, Intellectual Property and the Internet|
Darrell Issa, California, Chairman
Doug Collins, Georgia, Vice Chairman
Lamar Smith, Texas
Steve Chabot, Ohio
Jim Jordan, Ohio
Ted Poe, Texas
Tom Marino, Pennsylvania
Trey Gowdy, South Carolina
Raul Labrador, Idaho
Blake Farenthold, Texas
Ron DeSantis, Florida
Matt Gaetz, Florida
Andy Biggs, Arizona
Jerry Nadler, New York, Ranking Member
Hank Johnson, Georgia
Ted Deutch, Florida
Karen Bass, California
Cedric Richmond, Louisiana
Hakeem Jeffries, New York
Eric Swalwell, California
Ted Lieu, California
Zoe Lofgren, California
Steve Cohen, Tennessee
David Cicilline, Rhode Island
Pramila Jayapal, Washington
U.S. COPYRIGHT OFFICE
The U.S. Copyright Office and Library of Congress have put in place a Special Relief agreement with Springer Nature which excuses the latter from depositing Best Edition print copy serials demanded under Section 407 of US Copyright Law, in return for the following:
- Springer Nature will provide complimentary access to all Springer, Palgrave MacMillan, BioMed Central and other smaller journal imprints that are available through Springer-Link to Library of Congress staff and users (this includes approximately 3400+ e-serial titles accessible now via URL <http://0-eresources.loc.gov.oasys.lib.oxy.edu/record=e1001080>). At this time, Nature titles are not available online because access is not provided through the Springer-Link platform. Springer Nature is working on migrating its Nature and Springer imprints to one platform, at which time online access will be expanded to include all of the Nature journals.
- Springer Nature will provide complimentary access to a majority of its e-book titles available through Springer-Link to Library of Congress staff and users. This includes approximately 230,000+ titles.
- Springer Nature will deposit digital copies of all titles within its catalog subject to demand, to be preserved in a Library of Congress dark archive, accessible only to Library technical and cataloging staff, until such time as access to Springer-Link ceases, whereupon the Library may deliver these preservation copies to Library patrons via its own system.
Library Services Realignment and Staff Changes
Mark Sweeney, associate librarian for Library Services, also serves as acting deputy librarian of Congress, effective Sept. 30, 2017. Joseph Puccio, head of the Collection Development Office, assumed collateral duties as acting associate librarian for Library Services, effective Sept. 30, 2017.
Steven P. Morris was appointed chief of the Digital Collections Management and Services Division (DCMS), effective Nov. 27, 2017. Trevor Owens was appointed supervisor of the Digital Content Management Section in DCMS, effective August 21, 2017. Beth Dulabahn, former chief of DCMS and later senior advisor, retired from the Library Dec. 31, 2017.
Eugene Flanagan, director for National Programs, National and International Outreach, is detailed to the Office of the Associate Librarian for Library Services, effective Nov. 12.
Library Services realigned its Administrative Services Office and Technology Policy Directorate, effective Jan. 21, 2018. These entities merged to create a Library Services Office of the Chief Operating Officer (COO). The COO comprises three divisions and three teams. The Automation Planning and Liaison Office was realigned under the Library’s Office of the Chief Information Officer. The Technology Policy Directorate was abolished.
This structure better aligns critical functions and some core activities in the service unit and will improve services to Library Services managers, supervisors, and employees, as well as to other Library units and customers. The realignment addresses the need for analysis of certain organizational/business problems to determine the appropriate technology solution and the need to resolve current unbalanced staff-to-supervisor ratios.
Mr. Alvert (Al) Banks is the Library Services Chief Operating Officer (LS OCOO), managing three teams: Business Analysis, Financial Management, and Workforce Development and Management; and two divisions: Integrated Library System Program Office (Ann Della Porta, Chief) and Digital Collections Management & Services Division (Steven P. Morris, Chief).
Library Services completed a second realignment to clarify and enhance support for the public services and stewardship mission in the Collections Access, Loan and Management (CALM) Division. Effective Jan. 21, 2018, this realignment assigned CALM staff to two new divisions, one in the Collections and Services Directorate and another in Preservation, to enhance support for core responsibilities in collections care and improve services to researchers. The new Collections Management Division (CMD) brings inventory, security, and space management functions into the portfolio of the Preservation Directorate, and ensures that the portions of CALM’s realigned work that focus on care and stewardship of the national collection are supported by complementary services in the Preservation divisions. The new Researcher and Reference Services Division (RRS) brings reader registration, humanities and social science librarians, general collections retrieval support, and congressional and interlibrary loan services into one portfolio. This consolidation of several public services can help the Library champion and enhance the researcher experience and the use of the general collections.
Library Services Chief Operating Officer
Integrated Library System Program Office (ILSPO)
LC Integrated Library System
The Library is currently running the LC Integrated Library System (ILS) on Voyager 8.2.0 and is planning to upgrade to Voyager 10 in fiscal 2018.
Planning for the Future
The Library is conducting market research for a next generation library service platform with vendors to learn about technology trends and developments in order to identify the Library’s business needs for a next generation system. In addition, staff throughout the Library are working to identify high-level business needs with the goal of issuing a Request For Information later in 2018.
In the interim while conducting market research, the ILS Program Office has stepped up its efforts to migrate legacy descriptive metadata into the ILS from silos. In fiscal 2017 the ILS Program Office completed the migration of 289,933 bibliographic records from stand-alone databases to the LC ILS.
The ILS Program Office has pioneered the use within the Library of OpenRefine, an open source software application that uses data remediation algorithms developed by Google to edit and enhance datasets. This application is widely used by librarians to prepare metadata to be served as linked open data on the web. The ILSPO is currently using it to support new workflows for editing legacy metadata record sets for migration to the ILS, an effort which is prerequisite to the migration to a Next Gen system.
ILS staff worked closely with colleagues in Business Enterprises to implement MDSConnect, which makes available metadata sets from the ILS to the public via Data.gov. This free service from the Library will enable scholars, developers and others to analyze the Library’s data and use the information in new, innovative ways.
LCCN Permalink (URL <lccn.loc.gov> ), a web service that allows users to create permanent URL links to bibliographic and authority records in the Library's Online Catalog (URL <catalog.loc.gov>), enables researchers to reference materials from the Library's collection in blogs, reference guides, web pages, emails, bibliographies, and more. In fiscal 2017, the LCCN Permalink web service supported more than 202 million requests (more than 25,000 requests daily) for bibliographic and authority metadata from the LC Online Catalog.
In 2017, the Library expanded the LCCN Permalink service to include records in the Library’s Handbook of Latin American Studies catalog (URL <hlasopac.loc.gov>).
LC EAD (Encoded Archival Description) Archival Finding Aids
Since January 2017, Collections and Services divisions created 87 new EAD archival finding aids, bringing the total number of LC EAD finding aids to 2,433. Users can access 65.1 million archival items in LC's collections through these documents at URL <findingaids.loc.gov>. More than 70 of these finding aids are also integrated with the Library’s digital collection presentations. The Library is planning to make EAD3 transformations of its EAD2002 finding aids available at the <findingaids.loc.gov> site in the spring of 2018.
LC Persistent Identifiers
As of January 2018, the Library’s handle server contained 3,983,930 handles. The handle server resolved more than 23.1 million handle requests (averaging 1.8 million monthly) in fiscal 2017. Over the past year, LC staff assigned handles to: born digital resources stored in the Library’s digital repository and materials digitized by the Library and its partners; U.S. legislation searchable in congress.gov; and digital books created by the National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped.
Throughout fiscal 2017 ILSPO worked with OCIO to upgrade the Handle Server to a higher version that will bring additional functionality.
Electronic Resource Management System (ERMS).
The Library’s Electronic Resource Management System provides access to electronic journals, e-books and databases from 1,927 resource collections, totaling over a million titles. The Library maintained metadata for 1,269,102 titles and updated journal coverage entries, typically loading 1,600,000 coverage records monthly.
The ERMS successfully fulfilled 1,255,734 search requests in fiscal 2017.
HathiTrust Authentication via Shibboleth.
The Library is a member of the HathiTrust, a partnership of academic and research institutions, offering a collection of millions of titles digitized from libraries around the world. The HathiTrust Digital Library is a digital preservation repository that provides access to digital content. LC staff and patrons have access to Library of Congress titles that are in the public domain and that have been digitized by the Library or another member of the HathiTrust. In 2016, the Library of Congress implemented a new method for staff and patrons to access materials in the HathiTrust.
The new method of authentication uses a system called Shibboleth to authenticate users for access to the full range of services offered in the HathiTrust Digital Library. Authenticated users may:
• Download full-PDFs of public domain works
• Access the Collection Builder application, which makes it possible for users to aggregate works into permanent collections either for private use or to share publicly with others
• Access content for researchers with a print disability (only in the U.S.; see URL <http://www.hathitrust.org/accessibility>).
• Access works, held in print by partner institutions, that are missing or brittle and also out of print (only in the U.S.; see URL <http://www.hathitrust.org/out-of-print-brittle >).
Detailed information on Shibboleth access and how to log in to the HathiTrust Web site is available here at URL: <http://www.hathitrust.org/shibboleth >.
Service Academies Collaboration
On Sept. 18, 2017, The Library of Congress and the five U.S. Service Academies entered into a three-year inter-agency cooperative agreement to support growth of service member representation in the national collections at the Library, including within the Veterans History Project. The agreement also provides enhanced research access to Library collections for the U.S Air Force Academy, U.S. Coast Guard Academy, U.S. Merchant Marine Academy, U.S Military Academy and U.S. Naval Academy and enhanced access to service academy collections for Library researchers. The agreement enables cooperation in the following three areas:
- The Service Academies and the Library could cooperate to build awareness of and participation in the Veterans History Project among Service Academy students, faculty and alumni.
- The Library and Service Academies could cooperate to identify materials being deaccessioned from the Service Academies that are appropriate for inter-governmental transfer to the Library. In addition, Service Academy library staff, faculty and students could provide input and user feedback to strengthen the Library’s Collections Policy Statements in subject areas such as military science and naval science.
Shared Collection Access
- The Library and Service Academies could work together to assure enhanced mutual access to their respective collections, including remote access and preferential interlibrary loan.
Research Services and On-Site Experiences
- The Library and Service Academies could provide each other with customized orientations, research consultation and on-site research spaces.
- The parties could develop short-term staff exchanges between the Service Academies and the Library including joint teaching and research programs.
- The Library could host Service Academy students in its academic internship and service programs.
Library Services / Acquisitions and Bibliographic Access Directorate (ABA)
Bruce Johnson, senior library information systems specialist in the Policy and Standards Division, Cataloger’s Desktop product manager, and a former president of the Association for Library Collections and Technical Services (ALCTS, an ALA division), retired from the Library Dec. 31, 2017, after 33 years of service at the Library.
Elmer Klebs, head of the US Serials-Social Sciences Sciences Section, US Arts, Sciences, and Humanities Division, passed away August 16, 2017.
Pamela Howard-Reguindín was appointed field director for the Rio de Janeiro overseas office, effective Sept. 3, 2017. Fehl Cannon was appointed acting field director for the Islamabad overseas office, effective Sept. 17, 2017. Phong Tran was appointed deputy field director for the New Delhi overseas office, effective Nov. 12, 2017. Debra McKern was appointed field director in residence (on Capitol Hill) Wash, effective Nov. 12, 2017. The overseas offices are administered in ABA and perform acquisitions, cataloging, preservation, and current awareness functions for approximately 75 countries where the publishing industry is not well developed or for which the Library does not have language expertise on Capitol Hill. The offices also acquire collection materials, on a cost-recovery basis, for other research libraries through their Cooperative Acquisitions Programs.
BIBFRAME (Bibliographic Framework Initiative)
Sally McCallum, chief of the Network Development and MARC Standards Office in ABA, will moderate the BIBFRAME Update Forum on Sunday, Feb. 11, 2018, beginning at 10:30 am in Rooms 601-603 of the Colorado Convention Center. The Forum will also feature speakers from IndexData, ExLibris, the LD4P project, and OCLC.
The Network Development & MARC Standards Office (NDMSO) in the ABA Directorate is the focal point for technical standards, linked data exploration, and related planning in Library Services. In fiscal 2017, NDMSO continued development of the Bibliographic Framework (BIBFRAME) model and vocabulary to replace MARC 21 as a cataloging metadata standard in order to reap the benefits of newer technology, particularly data linking. The Library built on the work and tools developed in the BIBFRAME pilot in fiscal 2016 to begin a new BIBFRAME 2.0 Pilot that enabled input of native BIBFRAME descriptions by 65 catalogers starting in June 2017. Training was completed in July 2017 and all training materials were made publicly available at URL <www.loc.gov/catworkshop/bibframe>. The second phase of the pilot offered a much better simulation of an actual cataloging workflow than the first pilot did. Pilot participants create bibliographic descriptions in both BIBFRAME and MARC 21 for each resource being cataloged. Testing includes input of bibliographic data using BIBFRAME 2.0 vocabulary, input of non-Latin scripts, ability to incorporate authority data, and a fuller level of interaction with a live BIBFRAME 2.0 database consisting of the complete BIBFRAME conversion of the Library of Congress bibliographic file. Participants catalog using both the existing MARC-based LC ILS and the BIBFRAME Editor, creating their BIBFRAME descriptions first. Use of the BIBFRAME Editor will provide the designers with valuable feedback on the new approach to creating bibliographic metadata. The second pilot will continue at least until June 2018.
A BIBFRAME Profile Editor, which was needed to make the BIBFRAME Editor flexible for use with different formats of material, was used with the BFE to support the BIBFRAME 2.0 Pilot. In BIBFRAME 2.0, nine separate profiles are in use: monographs, serials, rare materials, notated music, cartographic resources, BluRay DVD audio visual resources, 35 mm audio visual resources, sound recording resources, and print and photographic resources.
This year NDMSO continued upgrading servers and systems to handle new traffic loads anticipated for linked data resolution, label lookup, and other services related to the BIBFRAME project and the Library’s Linked Data Service, LDS/ID. An upgrade to the MarkLogic datastore server software to Version 8 with a semantic module was installed and moved to production. This upgrade included native handling of Resource Description Framework (RDF) triples in the database as well as security updates. This effort will continue in fiscal 2018 as load-balancing front end servers are added and the systems are tuned. The staging server for LDS/ID was also upgraded and expanded to support the BIBFRAME 2.0 Pilot, and 16 vocabularies were added that allowed pilot participants to choose authority terms from dropdown lists in the BIBFRAME Editor.
Outreach to the community about BIBFRAME continues via listservs and conference presentations. The BIBFRAME model, vocabulary, and other tools are made available for download on the software sharing site, GitHub, to encourage experimentation with BIBFRAME by the library community. At the 2017 conference of the Committee on Research Materials on Southeast Asia (CORMOSEA), the chief of the ABA Asian and Middle Eastern Division (ASME) gave a presentation on BIBFRAME and the Library's efforts to address the need for bibliographic data in the original script for the languages of interest to CORMOSEA members.
In cooperative standards development, two ABA Cooperative and Instructional Programs Division (COIN) staff members participated on both the Program for Cooperative Cataloging (PCC) URI Task Group and the PCC BIBFRAME Task Group, which mapped the CONSER Standard Record and BIBCO Standard Record to BIBFRAME 2.0.
Library of Congress-Program for Cooperative Cataloging Policy Statements. The RDA Toolkit release in August 2017 contained 25 revised LC-PCC PSs developed by ABA Policy and Standards Division (PSD) staff in conjunction with the PCC Standing Committee on Standards. The summary for the release is available at URL <www.loc.gov/aba/rda/pdf/LCPCCPS_changes_2017_August.pdf>. Since the text of the RDA Toolkit is currently “frozen” while the preparations for the 3R Project continue (see URL <www.rdatoolkit.org/3Rproject >), the LC-PCC Policy Statements are frozen as well. Should it become necessary to issue new or revised policy statements prior to the release of the 3R Project, they will be posted at URL <www.loc.gov/aba/rda/lcps_access.html>.
New Classification Numbers for Social Media
A new Library of Congress Classification range, PN4550-4583 (Social media), was approved in January 2018. Works about the content of social media and collections of excerpts from social media, including the content of individual social media platforms, will be classified there. Works about the technological and sociological aspects of social media will continue to be classified in the T and HM schedules, respectively.
Genre/Form Terms for Artistic and Visual Works
In February 2018 PSD will approve approximately 50 new LC genre/form terms for artistic and visual works. This genre/form project is a collaboration by PSD and the Cataloging Advisory Committee of the Art Libraries Society of North America (ARLIS/NA). PSD wholeheartedly thanks the members of the Committee for their time and effort. The proposed terms appear on Tentative List 1802a (URL <http://classificationweb.net/tentative-subjects/1802a.html >), to be approved on Feb. 16, 2018.
The proposals represent broad categories of artistic and visual works and can be readily used in general libraries that need to provide high-level genre/form access to their collections of visual works. They do not attempt to replicate the breadth and depth of specialized vocabularies such as the Thesaurus for Graphic Materials and the Art & Architecture Thesaurus.
Materials that are acquired for art collections are usually visual in nature, but are not always inherently artistic. That is, the materials are not “art for art’s sake” but were instead created to serve an informational, documentary, or other purpose (e.g., architectural drawings, trading cards, photographs). The practical need for terms that describe materials that are not artistic in the narrow sense led the Cataloging Advisory Committee and PSD to determine that the highest-level broader term for those terms that represent materials that are not inherently artistic should be Visual works.
This decision required the reconsideration of some of the existing hierarchies in the Library of Congress Genre-Form Terms (LCGFT), because numerous approved terms describe visual works. The current top terms Motion pictures, Television programs, and Video recordings will become narrower terms under Visual works, as will the high-level term Maps. The hierarchies for several other individual terms that refer to visual materials will also be adjusted (e.g., Worm’s-eye views). Those proposed revisions appear on Tentative List 1802a along with the proposals for the new terms.
Demographic Group Terms
Library of Congress Demographic Group Terms (LCDGT) is intended to describe the creators of, and contributors to, resources, and also the intended audience of resources. Terms may be assigned in bibliographic records and in authority records for works and expressions.
Phase 3 of the vocabulary’s development, which began in January 2016, was intended to test the policies governing the structure of LCDGT. Proposals were therefore accepted for new and revised terms, as they were needed for new cataloging. Sufficient proposals have been received to allow a thorough evaluation of LCDGT’s structure and principles, so Phase 3 ended in early February 2018. Additional proposals for new and revised demographic group terms will not be accepted until further notice.
ALA-LC Romanization Tables
The ALA-LC Romanization tables are developed jointly by the Library of Congress (LC) and the American Library Association (ALA). Since the ALA Annual Conference in 2017, the ALCTS Committee on Cataloging: Asian and African Materials (CC:AAM) has approved a new Uzbek romanization table and a revised Azerbaijani table. In addition, the Uzbek section of the Non-Slavic Languages (in Cyrillic Script) table has been removed.
The new and revised tables may be downloaded from the ALA-LC Romanization Tables webpage, at URL <www.loc.gov/catdir/cpso/roman.html>.
Indigenous Law Portal
Information on the indigenous laws of Belize, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Honduras, and Guatemala can now be found on the Indigenous Law Portal at URL <www.loc.gov/law/help/indigenous-law-guide/americas/central-america/index.php>. A section comparing the indigenous laws of Central and South America in general can also be found there now.
Between February and November 2017, there were 24,057 visits to the portal, 47,036 individual page views, and 1,233 file downloads. The users were from 158 countries; the five countries with the highest number of users were the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, India, and Japan.
Children’s and Young Adults Cataloging (CYAC)
Stacey E. Devine is the CYAC program manager and head of the Literature Section in ABA. Since ALA 2017 Annual Conference, the CYAC Program has gained two fully independent catalogers, Kim Caulder and Trina Soderquist, bringing the number of independent CYAC catalogers to five.
Cataloging Policy Decisions
CYAC catalogers arrived jointly at the following policy decisions in fiscal 2017:
- We decided not to use the LC heading Family secrets--Fiction, opting to post-coordinate with Secrets—Fiction and Families—Fiction.
- Instead of using the heading Newspapers for school newspapers, we will use Student newspapers and periodicals.
- To avoid ambiguity, we will re-establish the CYAC heading Prisoners and prisons, to be used for the headings 1) Prisons and 2) Prisoners.
- We attempted to define the characteristics of a fairy tale to identify that genre more easily.
- The caption under PZ8.3 includes traditional nursery rhymes and rhyming stories. We will add Songs, both rhyming and non-rhyming, to the caption.
- We clarified which awards will be recorded in the bibliographic record (for instance: ALA media awards—yes; “Grandma’s Choice Award”—no).
- We added to our portfolio of examples of PZ7.1 and PZ7 assignments. A pre-2015 author would be classified in PZ7. But if that author writes under a pseudonym in 2017, the pseudonym classes under PZ7.1.
- We decided not to double Asperger’s syndrome with Autism.
- We discussed biographical picture books, which could be classed as fiction or non-fiction. We advised paying attention to accuracy when deciding whether to class in fiction or non-fiction.
- After agreeing that the heading Afternoon teas was not sufficient, we decided to establish the CYAC heading Tea parties.
Below are some of the LC headings we have recently used on juvenile fiction for the first time. Headings with an asterisk are proposed CYAC headings:
|Alhazen, 965-1039 Animals with disabilities Bank robberies Black lives matter movement Blobfish Bookmarks Historic preservation Chicago Race Riot, Chicago, Ill., 1919 Chinchillas Church youth groups Cloaks Cultural pluralism||
Ebbets Field (New York, N.Y.)
Field Museum of Natural History
Holi (Hindu festival)
Women’s March on Washington (2017)
* Witness protection programs
Zoot Suit Riots, Los Angeles, Calif., 1943
Here are entered works written in Dakota intended primarily for general information or recreational reading. Such works with text also given in English are further subdivided by the subdivision Bilingual, i.e., Dakota language materials—Bilingual. Reading texts in Dakota containing material for instruction and practice in reading that language are entered under Dakota language—Readers.
* Dakota language—Readers
Here are entered reading texts in Dakota containing material for instruction and practice in reading that language. Works written in Dakota intended primarily for general information or recreational reading are entered under Dakota language materials.
* Dakota language materials—Bilingual
See under NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL OUTREACH
ECIP (Electronic Cataloging in Publication)
Karl Debus-López, Chief of the U.S. Programs, Law, and Literature Division (USPRLL), will be attending the 2018 ALA Midwinter Conference. He continues as President of the International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) Governing Board. He can be reached at [email protected] for questions related to the Cataloging in Publication (CIP), International Standard Serial Number (ISSN), and Children’s and Young Adults’ Cataloging (CYAC) programs.
Caroline Saccucci, CIP and Dewey Program manager, attended the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA) World Library and Information Congress (WLIC) in Wrocław, Poland, August 19-26, 2017, as a Library of Congress nominee to the IFLA Standing Committee on Subject Analysis and Access. She also attended the International DDC Users Group meeting. Several of the sessions she attended had a focus on the treatment of indigenous groups in metadata. She is on the planning committee for the open session on Automatic Indexing at IFLA WLIC 2018 in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The call for papers for this session has been posted on the IFLA web site.
Analysis by OCLC Research of Use of CIP Bibliographic Records
CLC Research conducted an analysis of the holdings for the 55,751 Cataloging in Publication (CIP) bibliographic records created in fiscal 2016 to determine use of these records by the broader bibliographic community. OCLC Research correlated the 55,751 LCCNs in the OCLC WorldCat database to determine how many library holdings were identified for each title.
The results are as follows:
|Holdings||Records||Percentage of Total|
|1 to 5||3,881||6.96|
|6 to 20||9,730||17.45|
|21 to 50||14,595||26.17|
|51 to 100||11,014||19.75|
|101 to 500||12,123||21.74|
|501 to 1000||1,953||3.50|
The analysis shows clearly that CIP metadata are greatly used by the broader library community, with 89 percent of the titles held by 6 or more libraries and 72 percent of the titles held by 21 or more libraries. Almost half (46 percent) of the titles processed through the CIP Program were held by 51 or more libraries. These findings show the continued heavy reliance by the U.S. and international library communities on the CIP metadata created by the catalogers and technicians within the ABA Directorate and the 33 ECIP Cataloging Partnership institutions.
CIP Statistical Information
At the close of fiscal 2017 (Sept. 30, 2017), the CIP Program had cataloged 52,145 ECIP and CIP print galleys. In addition, partner institutions in the ECIP Cataloging in Partnership Program cataloged 7,505 CIP records, for a total of 56,650 records. During the first quarter of fiscal 2018, a total of 14,111 CIP records were created.
The CIP E-books Program had a target to ingest 4,000 new CIP e-books in fiscal 2017; the actual total ingested was 10,951 e-books. The CIP Program also set a goal to create accounts for 70 e-book publishers, which will enable those publishers to submit CIP e-books via SFTP and Signiant accounts. With those additional publisher accounts, the CIP Program will be able to receive even more e-books. In June 2017 the CIP Program reached out to 200 CIP e-book publishers for this purpose; 65 publisher accounts were set up, for a total of 114 publisher accounts. This was a primary reason why so many e-books were ingested during the fiscal year. During the first quarter of fiscal 2018, the CIP Program ingested 953 e-books.
With the approval of the Library’s Collections Discovery Group, its Little Loaders import management group, and the ILS Program Office, the CIP Program has begun to create e-book bibliographic records that are not suppressed from the Library’s OPAC. This means that CIP e-book records will be visible to OPAC users and available for use by other libraries via Z39.50 searches and downloads, although the content itself is still not retrievable through the OPAC.
ECIP Cataloging Partnership Program
The UCLA Law Library joined the ECIP Cataloging Partnership Program on Jan. 11, 2018, becoming the 33rd partner institution.
The ECIP Cataloging Partnership Program worked in fiscal 2017 with new partners—University of Maryland, University of Iowa, Mississippi State University, and Abilene Christian University—to bring them into production. Mississippi State University went into production in November 2017. The University of Maryland, which has agreed to catalog library science titles, is currently working in the test environment. As a result of staff retirement, Penn State ceased cataloging in the subject area of meteorology, and consequently this subject area was moved from the Penn State profile back to the ABA US Arts, Sciences, and Humanities Division (USASH) Science, Medicine, and Agriculture Section’s workflow.
The U.S. Government Publishing Office (GPO) added more publishers to its cataloging profile: Marine Corps University Press, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), and Naval War College Press.
Contract to Replace the ECIP Traffic Manager
A contract to replace the ECIP Traffic Manager was awarded effective Sept. 18, 2017. The new system will be developed using the ServiceNow platform and will take advantage of ONIX metadata in a more streamlined way. The contract is scheduled to be completed by early June 2018.
ECIP Cataloging Contract
Effective August 28, 2017, a year-long contract with option years was awarded to catalog 5,213 ECIP records, working on the oldest whole-item ECIPs. The contractor is providing Sears subject headings to works intended for a juvenile audience, in addition to the regular compliment of subject analysis. CYAC and non-English ECIPs are not in scope for this contract. The contractor is responsible for all required NACO work but not for submitting LCSH and LCC proposals, although the contractors identify possible needs for such proposals; designated subject experts in ABA will submit necessary proposals. The contractor is under 100 percent quality review by LC staff; once the review period is complete, their records will undergo spot checking. Caroline Saccucci is the project manager.
Collaborations with Publishers, BISG, and Bowker for ONIX and E-books
CIP management initiated significant collaborations with several groups of publishers, the Book Industry Standards Group (BISG), and Bowker in order to further the goals of the CIP Program in service to the broader library and publishing community. The first of these collaborations was with Taylor & Francis (T&F), which also involved the Library’s Copyright Acquisitions Division. It was agreed that the CIP Program would begin receiving ONIX files for T&F, and that T&F would begin sending its CIP e-books to the Library. T&F accepted the invitation to be testers for the replacement to the ECIP Traffic Manager.
Collaboration also began with representatives from the University of Michigan (UM) Press, Temple University Press, and Bibliovault/University of Chicago. The result of initial conversations was that BiblioVault, the aggregator for UM and Temple, would send test ONIX files to the Library. The test was successful, and Bibliovault agreed to encourage the university presses for which it aggregates to allow BiblioVault to send ONIX files to LC on their behalf. As a result of these discussions, UM and Temple joined the CIP E-books Program, and subdirectories in BiblioVault’s sftp account were added in in the Library’s Content Transfer System/Digital Management Service for UM and Temple e-books. UM and Temple agreed to participate in the user acceptance testing for the replacement to the ECIP Traffic Manager, and both planned to review their internal workflows to realize efficiencies in the application and ONIX processes. Finally, Temple agreed to consider participation in the CIP-OAQ pilot to stay in parallel with UM, which is already part of the pilot.
The final collaboration was with the CIP Program, BISG, and Bowker. CIP Program staff discussed with BISG and Bowker representatives the utilization of ONIX in the CIP cataloging workflow and the problems catalogers have experienced with ONIX metadata. The CIP Program would like ONIX to populate the fields of the CIP application in the ECIP Traffic Manager replacement. Bowker and BISG representatives shared ONIX best practices to LC staff. A best practices study group will review the application for CIP data to determine how ONIX metadata could map to the CIP application fields. In addition, Bowker will use its status as a major player in the publishing world to encourage best practices for metadata and to encourage sending of ONIX data to LC.
Collaboration with Harvard University Library for an OAQ Pilot
The CIP Program is collaborating with Harvard University Library to implement Harvard’s Online Author Questionnaire (OAQ ), a web application that automates the way publishers gather author data prior to publication of a title and then enables libraries to use that information to create and update name authority metadata. As an ECIP Cataloging Partnership Program member institution, Harvard University Library will be working with Harvard University Press (HUP), a CIP publisher, to implement OAQ in its cataloging of forthcoming HUP titles. As part of the pilot, HUP will add links to OAQ in the applications for CIP data. The CIP Program plans to expand the pilot to several selected CIP publishers cataloged by LC staff once the Harvard pilot is underway. Harvard University Library and the CIP Program will collaboratively promote OAQ to publishers. Several NACO records have already been enhanced with information provided in OAQ. Harvard ECIP catalogers routinely search OAQ when a new name heading is required for an author.
Dewey Statistical Information
In fiscal 2017, the LC Dewey Program assigned Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC) to 61,108 bibliographic records, including 15,576 CIP e-book records. Northwestern University, Douglas County Libraries, Queens Library, and the U.S. Government Publishing Office, which all are ECIP Cataloging Partners, assigned DDC to 1,627 CIP records. In addition, 4,324 DDC were semi-automatically assigned by the AutoDewey software, and 3,848 DDC were added to ISSN records. A total of 44,843 copy-cataloging records included DDC, identified in the 082 field with second indicator 4. The fiscal 2017 total for all DDC assigned in LC records was 115,748. For the first quarter of fiscal 2018, DDC assigned in LC records totaled 25,614.
In addition to DDC assignment, Dewey classifiers added Library of Congress Classification to 1,830 ECIPs cataloged by the National Library of Medicine. At the end of the first quarter of fiscal 2018, that total was 268 ECIPs. Dewey classifiers also completed the subject cataloging (assignment of LCSH, LC Classification, and shelflisting) for 739 ECIPs. At the end of the first quarter of fiscal 2018, that total was 270 ECIPs.
National Union Catalog of Manuscript Collections (NUCMC)
The Cooperative and Instructional Programs Division (COIN) continues to oversee the NUCMC program, through which catalogers at the Library of Congress create bibliographic records in OCLC WorldCat, and associated authority records, for the archival collections of repositories that meet the program’s eligibility requirements. In September 2017, a NUCMC cataloger was trained to contribute data to the Social Network in Authority Context (SNAC) project, hosted by the National Archives and Records Administration and the University of Virginia, and during this pilot phase will be evaluating the SNAC interface for its potential usefulness for describing NUCMC collections.
Program for Cooperative Cataloging (PCC)
The COIN Cooperative Programs Section continues to serve as the secretariat for the PCC, an international consortium of more than 900 libraries and other institutions that sets cataloging standards, delivers training, and supports innovations in cataloging and bibliographic formats. The four components of the program are: NACO, the Name Authority Cooperative; SACO, the Subject Authority Cooperative (includes cooperative contributions to multiple Library of Congress controlled vocabularies and Library of Congress Classification); BIBCO, the monographic Bibliographic Cooperative; and CONSER, the serial bibliographic record component. A list of the 49 institutions and funnels that joined these programs during fiscal 2017 is available on the PCC website at URL <www.loc.gov/aba/pcc/stats/NewMembersByProgram.pdf>.
The PCC Policy Committee (PoCo) met Nov. 2-3, 2017, at the Library of Congress. Prior to the meeting, the committee engaged in a full-day facilitated strategic planning session focused on developing the PCC vision, mission, and strategic directions for 2018-2021. A summary of the outcomes of the PoCo meeting, with links to many of the presentations and reports, has been posted at URL <www.loc.gov/aba/pcc/documents/PoCo-2017/PoCo-2017-Outcomes.pdf>.
A year-long pilot project, coordinated by Harvard University, began in July 2017 to explore PCC membership in the ISNI (International Standard Name Identifier) program. Participants in the pilot are drawn from twelve PCC institutions, the three PCC Standing Committees, and the PCC Identity Management in NACO Task Group. Goals include developing a better understanding of ISNI tools and systems, identifying needs and issues that arise when incorporating ISNIs into metadata workflows, creating PCC documentation and training, and pursuing a cost-effective scaling of broader PCC involvement in ISNI. More information is available on the PCC ISNI Pilot website at URL <https://wiki.duraspace.org/display/PCCISNI/PCC+ISNI+Pilot+Home >.
Implementation of a new PCC Directory system is expected to begin in spring 2018 with a small group of early adopters. Each PCC institution and funnel coordinator will eventually be responsible for maintaining an institution or funnel profile in the system. The directory will be used to conduct PCC elections, report PCC statistics, and maintain accurate PCC contact information.
Library of Congress Acquisitions and Cataloging Production
|Items purchased for LC collections||647,999||667,923|
|Items acquired for LC by non-purchase||1,472,501||2,528,371|
|Expenditures for collections purchases||$23,900,000||$26,500,000|
|Bibliographic Records Completed||FY2017||FY2016|
|Minimal level cataloging||75,976||55,609|
|Total records completed||372,207||282,588|
|Total volumes cataloged||389,040||424,053|
|New name authority records||72,991||78,612|
|New LC Subject Headings||2,664||3,084|
|New LC Classification Numbers||2,306||2,716|
|Total authority records created||77,961||84,412|
Library Services / American Folklife Center
The American Folklife Center at the Library of Congress is calling for applicants for its 2018 fellowships and awards. Pending approval of the 2018 Federal Budget, March 12, 2018 will be the joint deadline for all three 2018 awards. Read more here: URL <http://bit.ly/2royUJJ>
Veterans History Project (VHP)
The Veterans History Project continues to meet its congressional mandate to collect, preserve and make accessible the war stories of America’s veterans. Reliant on the voluntary participation of individuals and organizations across the country, the Project now holds more than 104,000 first-person narratives in the archive; nearly 47,000 of them include digitized content. Congressional offices, libraries, educational institutions, houses of worship and individual volunteers across the country continue to help gather and submit oral histories and supporting materials for VHP. Launched in late 2016, VHP’s Facebook page is steadily increasing constituent engagement and is frequently used to highlight collections, cross promote events and support content on VHP’s website, URL <www.loc.gov/vets>, “Folklife Today Veterans History Project” Blog and the Project’s RSS feed.
Among many notable recent activities was VHP’s national Veterans Day radio media tour, during which VHP’s director, Col. Karen Lloyd, U.S. Army, (Ret.), was interviewed by 19 radio stations over a two-day period, resulting in 2.8 million gross media impressions. The focus of the interviews was to encourage listeners to interview the veterans in their lives while there is time. In helping VHP to meet the requirements of the Gold Star Family Voices Act (HR4511), VHP increased its visibility among Gold Star advocacy groups by engaging with them directly at conferences and meetings across the nation, contributing content to their publications. VHP is evolving national reach through actively engaging in a Library-wide agreement for enhanced cooperation with the United States Service Academies, supporting efforts of NEH funded Veterans Dialogs and other programs, and deepening collaboration with the National Museum of the American Indian around the National Native Veterans Memorial. Additionally, VHP relocated its public space to the Library’s Jefferson Building for more convenient access to veterans, visitors and Members of Congress, and converted two alcoves overlooking the Main Reading Room into oral history recording studios, enabling opportunities for locals and visitors.
The Veterans History Project encourages all organizations and groups, especially libraries, to continue to play a pivotal role in VHP’s success by distributing information, coordinating interviewing events and making their facilities available to local VHP volunteers. For additional information, see the project Web site, URL <www.loc.gov/vets>, email [email protected] or call 202-707-4916.
Library Services / Collection Development Office (CDO)
Collections Policy Statements Review Program
In fiscal 2017, CDO continued its program to review and update on a cyclical basis all of the Library’s Collections Policy Statements and associated Supplementary Guidelines. There are over seventy such documents that guide the Library’s collecting program (see URL <www.loc.gov/acq/devpol/cpsstate.html>). During fiscal 2017, work on ten documents was completed. The following seven documents were reviewed, updated, and re-posted to the URL above.
- Developing Countries - new title is Countries and Regions with Acquisitions Challenges
- Environmental Sciences
- Geography and Cartography
- International Organizations
- Veterans History Project
- Web Archiving (Supplementary Guidelines)
The following three new documents were developed, approved and posted.
- Analog Geospatial Materials
- Data Sets (Supplementary Guidelines)
- Digital Geospatial Materials
Library of Congress Digital Collecting Strategy and Plan
Following on the fiscal 2016 approval of the Digital Collecting Strategy Framework, the Digital Collecting Plan was approved in January 2017. It includes six Strategic Objectives, 23 goals and 69 targets over a five-year period. Fifteen Digital Collecting Plan actions were begun in fiscal 2017. Twelve were completed, and three were partially completed. Some of the completed actions were the following.
- Explore feasibility of receiving newspaper e-prints under group registration. (A pilot was successful, and plans are in place to implement this capability.)
- Increase number of CIP publishers participating in the e-books program. (139 new publishers were added, bringing the total to 854.)
- Conduct an assessment of the Library’s e-resources collection and provide a final report with recommendations. (see below)
- Draft and finalize standard electronic resources license agreements. (Standard electronic resources license agreements were finalized by the Library’s US/Anglo Division and Office of General Counsel by Sept. 30, 2017. The standard agreements will be used in fiscal 2018.)
- Create and have approved a collecting policy related to data sets.
Electronic Resources Collection Assessment
As noted above, an assessment of the Library’s electronic resources collection was conducted by Collection Development Office staff. The resulting report, Initial Electronic Resources Collection Assessment and Recommendations, was completed at the end of the fiscal year. It includes the following:
At the time this report was written, the scope of the collection is at a point where access to full-text content is on par with most academic research universities in the United States. The Library provides access to 826 databases, comprised of 297,680 e-journals, 1,015,636 ebooks and a small collection of databases covering other formats. This report represents the first step in the next phase of electronic resource collecting at LC. The assessment of how and what the Library is spending its money on and whether it is the best use of those funds defines this phase of collecting. The questions to research here, in this and subsequent reports, are (1) are the resources being used, (2) is buying the current resources the best use of available funds, and (3) can more be done to increase the engagement of the Library’s users with the electronic resources collection?
Single Deposit Copies - Notice of Proposed Rulemaking
After extensive consultation with Library Services, the Copyright Office (CO) issued a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking, Simplifying Deposit Requirements for Certain Literary Works and Musical Compositions. The essence of the notice is as follows:
Under the current regulations, two copies of the best edition are generally needed to register these types of works and to comply with the mandatory deposit requirement. Under the proposed rule, copyright owners will be able to satisfy both requirements for literary monographs by submitting one copy of the best edition of the work, although the Office will retain the right to demand a second copy under the mandatory deposit provision should the Library need it. Copyright owners will also be able to satisfy both requirements for certain musical compositions by submitting one copy of the best edition.
Better aligning CO deposit requirements with the Library’s current monograph retention policy (one copy in most cases) is a desired outcome for both service units. Changing to a default deposit requirement of one copy will be beneficial to Library Services and CO from a workload and storage perspective, while lessening the burden on publishers.
Additional Service Copies
Fiscal 2017 was the third full year in which the policy to retain just one copy, in most cases, of U.S. monographs (instead of two) was in place with the following results:
During the year, the Collections Access, Loan and Management Division withdrew 115,470 total items from the collections. This made available 11,547 linear feet (or 2.18 miles) of shelf space in the Library's overcrowded book stacks.
A continuing secondary objective of the program is to find a worthwhile use for the retrospective volumes that are withdrawn from the Library’s existing collections. To reach that goal, the Library has partnered with two nonprofit organizations, Books for Africa and Bridge to Asia. During the year, 94,091 books were picked up by Books for Africa, and 23,347 were picked up by Bridge to Asia. The total number of books transferred from the Library to these partners was 117,438.
Library Services / Collections and Services Directorate (CS)
Dr. Kimberley Bugg was appointed chief of the Humanities and Social Sciences Division, effective Oct. 1, 2017. She became chief of the Researcher and Reference Services Division when that division was established on Jan. 21, 2018.
Geography and Map Division (G&M)
In fiscal 2017 G&M acquired a total of 23,483 cartographic items, including 11,445 maps, 1,591 atlases, 1,455 computer data files containing over 12,000 maps, and 106 publications. Starting in fiscal 2018, “maps” will be included in all LC general approval plans with foreign vendors.
One of the most notable acquisitions in 2017 was the Codex Quetzalecatzin. [Mexico] 1593. This extremely rare Mesoamerican codex is an important addition to the early American treasures at the Library of Congress because of its relevance to the early history of European contact with the indigenous peoples of the Americas.
G&M’s online map website was visited 1,328,618 times with 5,354,807 page views and since May 2017, the division placed online more than 47,608 Sanborn Fire Insurance Maps, which depict the structure and use of buildings in U.S. cities, bringing our total maps online to approximately 112,987.
Social Media Twitter Account: @LOCMaps
The Twitter account posted 1,996 tweets since June 2017 with an uptick of 5,500 followers in that time. Most popular tweets in 2017 were; collaborations/friendly competitions with other map libraries, like the Harvard Map Collection (@HarvardMapColl) and the Leventhal Map Center (@bplmaps) and panoramic maps.
BIBFRAME Pilot Participation
Three G&M senior cataloging specialists continue to participate in Bibliographic Framework (BIBFRAME) Pilot Project Phase II. They have been creating cataloging descriptions in BIBFRAME 2.0 Editor. Currently, phase II is focused more on the design and development of cartographic profiles, testing on the features of the Editor, the searching functions of converted BIBFRAME 2.0 database, and the “Post” function and its application. BIBFRAME descriptions and data can be saved and retrieved in the 2.0 version. The G&M Cataloging Team also participates in the Linked Data for Production (LD4P) project, a multi-institutional effort led by Stanford University Libraries that explores applying LOD (Linked Open Data) models, including BIBFRAME, to natively describe library resources.
G&M ALA Activities
Staff in G&M continue to be active in ALA activities, as follows: Min Zhang—liaison to the Committee on Cataloging: Description & Access; Map & Geospatial Information Round Table (MAGIRT sub committees):
Cataloging and Classification Committee — Chair Iris Taylor, also Tammy Wong, Min Zhang; LC G&M Division representative to ALA MAGIRT – Min Zhang; Vice Chair, MAGIRT (2017-2018); base line cataloging editor – Tammy Wong; ALCTS-CaMMS (Cataloging and Metadata Management Section)/MAGIRT Cartographic Cataloging Interest Group— Iris Taylor, Tammy Wong, Min Zhang.
Serial and Government Publications Division (SER)
The Serial and Government Publications Division (SER) performs a wide range of collection development, collection description, collection preservation, and reference service activities for its temporary and permanent collections. SER’s permanent collections include: newspapers, comic books, pulp magazine, and several government document collections. The newspaper collection consists of approximately 1,100,000 current loose newspaper issues, over 38,000 bound volumes, and more than 770,000 microfilm reels. The newspaper collection also includes many original print holdings of commemorative and anniversary editions, and first printings of significant United States documents. The comic book collection includes more than 12,000 titles and more than 146,000 issues. SER’s pulp magazine collection is based on original print issues that have been reformatted to microfilm or preserved through facsimile reproduction; additionally, the original color covers of over 9,000 issues have been preserved. The Division is the official repository of archival sets of U.S. Federal Advisory Committee (FAC) documents, holding approximately 73,697 items from 6,451 committees. SER also houses master copies of U.S. Federal Depository Library Program (FDLP) documents distributed on microfiche. SER is also custodial for bound serials with minimal level cataloging (WMLC), a collection of approximately 5,000 volumes stored off-site. SER holds the complete United Nations working document set in multiple formats. SER is also the custodial stakeholder for digitized newspapers acquired through the National Digital Newspaper Program, now approximately 12.7 million pages from 2,500 titles. The current periodical collection includes more than 49,000 domestic and foreign titles, including government serials, and 1,176,000 loose items that reside temporarily in the Division prior to binding or microfilming and transfer to the general collection. The Division is also custodial for books-in-fascicles until volumes are complete and can be prepared for binding.
With an increased funding allocation for microfilm reformatting of newspapers beginning October 2015 [sic], SER has begun to address the backlog of newsprint issues (newspapers and periodicals) needing preservation microfilming. The division participates in the Library’s preservation microfilming program, filming titles that are not available for commercial purchase. Many of the titles filmed are from developing countries and U.S. ethnic communities and are held by few if any other U.S. institutions. Filming SER’s issues makes these unique titles available for interlibrary loan.
To make room for the installation of compact shelving to expand existing storage space in the vault for rare and valuable materials, the division moved its entire newspaper and comic book special collections to temporary locations for the duration of the installation. The division expects to move back into the redesigned vault by the end of fiscal 2018 (September 2018).
SER acquired several significant additions to its collections in the past year. In addition, by way of Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with the Small Press Expo (SPX), the Division continued to acquire by donation additional items (including award-winning web sites) from creators participating in the 2017 SPX annual expo. At the Division’s annual SPX program, Charles Brownstein, Executive Director of the non-profit Comic Book Legal Defense Fund, recounted the history of comic book censorship from the medium's origins to the present day in his talk, “The Comic Book Legal Defense Fund: Comics and the Power of Intellectual Freedom”. The division is in its seventh year of collaboration with SPX.
SER also acquired some rare and valuable original newspaper and comic book issues, including:
- 46 issues of the 1795 Gazette of the United States (Philadelphia), filling in a significant gap in our holdings of a title that has been digitized by the Library. The issues we acquired were the personal copies of Benjamin Edes, publisher of the Boston Gazette.
- Wonder Woman memorabilia, including Wonder Woman ’77 #1 and the script for the Wonder Woman film (released May, 2017), donated by Lynda Carter during her visit to the Library of Awesome exhibit.
- The personal mini-comics collection of Matt Dembicki, award-winning cartoonist and co-founder of the D.C. Conspiracy (a Washington, DC, comics creators’ collaborative).
- By way of Memorandum of Understanding with the Small Press Expo (SPX), acquired by donation 806 items from the SPX annual expos of 2017. In addition, one website of Ignatz award-winning creators were added to the Small Press Expo web archive.
SER continues to house and serve United Nations and US Government Publishing Office depository document sets. Librarians give presentations about SER’s U.S. Federal Advisory Committee Collection four times a year at training sessions for federal advisory committee officers sponsored by the General Services Administration. In addition, SER staff curate a Library Federal Advisory Committee web archive.
National Digital Newspaper Program
Begun in 2004, the National Digital Newspaper program (NDNP) is a partnership between the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) and the Library of Congress (LC) to provide free public access to historic American newspapers through the Chronicling America web site (URL <chroniclingamerica.loc.gov>). Applying digital technologies for enhancing and sustaining access to this important primary source of American history, the program will, over the long-term, fund digitization of historic newspapers in all U.S. states and territories.
Each two-year NEH award provides funding to a state library, historical society, or university library representing their state in the program. The institution is responsible for selecting, digitizing and contributing to the program 100,000 pages from public domain newspapers published in their state prior to 1964 using technical specifications established by the Library. In 2017, two new awardees–Arkansas and Georgia--joined 44 other states and territories that have participated in the program.
The Library develops technical guidelines for program participants, builds data infrastructure, and provides ongoing access to the content, as well as contributing newspapers from its own collections. Currently, the program supports 30 active awardees in various stages of data production, receiving approximately 170,000 images per month (8.5 TB of data).
In specific accomplishments since June 2017, Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers added approx. 850,000 pages to provide full-text access to almost 12.7 million newspaper pages published between 1789 and 1949 (approximately 50 million digital files), representing 2,500 selected newspapers from 43 states and territories and the District of Columbia. The site now hosts more than 185 non-English ethnic newspapers (575,000 pages), searchable in Croatian, Czech, Dakota, Danish, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Slovenian, Spanish, and Swedish. Additional newspapers in Arabic, Lithuanian, Romanian and Slovak are expected later this year. Also later this year LC and awardees will be contributing additional public domain newspapers published up to 1964. More than 1,300 newspaper history essays, written by awardees, describe the background and significance of each digitized title.
New content is added to the site as it is accepted into the collection. To stay updated on new additions, view the Recent Additions RSS feed at URL <chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/newspapers/feed>.
Chronicling America distributes another general interest RSS (Real Simple Syndication) and email feed, notifying subscribers of interesting NDNP program news, highlights, and Topics Guides. Interested members of the library community and the public may subscribe at URL <https://loc.gov/subscribe/#newspapers>. Twitter users can follow @librarycongress, using #ChronAm to discover highlights of the collection.
Newspaper Topics Pages
SER continued producing its series of research pages called Topics in Chronicling America, commonly referred to as Topics Pages, designed to aid users of the NDNP’s Chronicling America. Topics Pages (URL <http://0-www.loc.gov.oasys.lib.oxy.edu/rr/news/topics/>)focus on newsworthy historic events reported in the American press and searchable in Chronicling America. Topics Pages consist of three parts: the timeline, which lists important dates related to the topic; a list of suggested search terms or search strategies to locate stories; and a bibliography of between ten and fifteen sample stories from Chronicling America’s digital newspaper collections. SER now provides Topics Pages for more than 330 subjects, with newly added guides for the Krakatoa Volcano Eruption, Harriet Tubman, Alice Paul, the Circus, and more.
Orientation and Outreach
SER sponsors an orientation to its collections and its reading room, the Newspaper and Current Periodical Reading Room, the last Tuesday of each month at 10:00. Members of the general public are welcome. In addition, SER organizes special orientations and tours for university classes and other groups with interests related to the collections. Since mid-November 2014, SER has been on the Library’s Twitter feed, providing tweets on a daily basis under the #ChronAm and #NewsRR hashtags.
Library Services / Preservation Directorate (PRESERV)
The mission of the Preservation Directorate at the Library of Congress is to ensure long-term, uninterrupted access to the intellectual content of the collections in original or reformatted form. The Preservation Directorate fulfills this mission directly through the provision of conservation, binding, mass deacidification, reformatting, materials testing, and staff and user education; and indirectly through the coordination and oversight of all Library-wide activities relating to the preservation and physical protection of the collections.
The Preservation website (URL: <www.loc.gov/preservation>) is the Library’s main portal into its many collections preservation activities. Recent work on the site includes improvements to better integrate the Library’s digital preservation efforts across the Library. The new section of the site is at URL <www.loc.gov/preservation/digital>).
Between June 2017 and January 2018, the Preservation Directorate hosted five Topics in Preservation Series (TOPS) lectures and one international symposium, all of which were recorded and are or will be accessible via the Preservation and main Library web sites in the near future. (See URL <www.loc.gov/preservation/outreach/tops/index.html>.)
The Library of Congress will present a full day of programming in celebration of Preservation Week, April 22-28, 2018. On Monday, April 23, a presentation and webcast on the Library’s Veterans History Project (VHP) will take place at noon, to be followed at 1:00 pm by displays of items from the VHP collections shown by conservators who will discuss the care and treatment of these materials. Two behind-the-scenes tours of preservation labs and workshops will take place as well, at 9:30 am and 3:00 pm. Registration details and other information will be posted on the preservation website (URL <www.loc.gov/preservation>) and distributed through library email lists and social media in the coming weeks.
The Library of Congress received the 2017 Distinguished Award for the Advancement of the Field of Conservation, from the American Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works (AIC). This award recognizes institutions for vital and long-standing support of professional development activities of conservators. For over forty years, the Preservation Directorate has planned and managed programs that bring professionals at different levels of their careers to the Library for practical experience and training. Opportunities in recent years ranged from simple ad hoc short-term volunteer arrangements to more involved year-long professional fellowships with other important cultural heritage organizations. All of these opportunities provided Directorate staff an opportunity to contribute toward the development of a new generation of preservation experts while also accomplishing needed work with the Library’s collections. Examples include:
- Binding and Collections Care Division (BCCD) had four volunteers and interns complete projects. Two, Francis Wentworth and Georgina Warren, worked in Collections Care Section (CCS) learning treatment protocols and two, Erin Anderson and Elisse LeBarre, worked with the Chief on statistics and administration. A new intern in the Collections Conservation Section, Julia Campbell, began in October 2017.
- Two conservation interns completed their one-year graduate program internships in August 2017. Emily Williams, Paper Conservation Section (PCS), and Xiaoping Cai, Book Conservation Section (BCS), have successfully worked on a number of projects including the complete conservation of a badly damaged Armenian prayer scroll. Details of this challenging project will be added to the Library’s Preservation web site in the near future. (See URL <www.loc.gov/preservation/conservators>.)
- Bailey Kinsky (BCS) from the Buffalo Conservation Program started her one-year program internship in September 2017.
- The first Harper-Inglis Post-Graduate Conservation Fellow, Emilie Duncan, started work at the Library in October 2017. Ms. Duncan completed her graduate work at the Winterthur/University of Delaware Program in Art Conservation and plans to focus her research at the Library into the use, deterioration, and treatment of blackened lead-white.
Select Highlights from the Preservation Directorate
Reorganization (see LIBRARY SERVICES/Library Services Realignment and Staff Changes) brought approximately 80 staff into the Preservation Directorate in January 2018, along with some 70 contractor staff, under the leadership of Collections Management Division (CMD) Chief Steve Herman. CMD has responsibilities for inventory management, collections maintenance and security, collections space management, and operation of the Library’s storage facilities. These functions are closely allied to the work of the other Preservation divisions, which includes treatment and reformatting of collections to ensure their ongoing usability, development and cooperative implementation of environmental controls to protect collections, and work with custodial divisions on the security, housing, stabilization, and safe handling of Library materials. This realignment of core stewardship activities within Library Services places end-to-end responsibility for the care and good stewardship of collections within the Preservation Directorate.
The BCCD and Preservation Reformatting Division (PRD) chiefs represented the Library at the IFLA World Congress, Wroclaw, Poland, in August 2017. BCCD Chief Jeanne Drewes organized and introduced the sessions “Call to Action/Best Practices in Moving Collections” and “Documentary Heritage, Digitization and born Digital Heritage.” She also presented a paper at the IFLA Satellite meeting “New challenges for the preservation of documentary heritage,” on the relationship between conservation and scientific evidence (URL <library.ifla.org/1794 >) in Sierre, Switzerland.
Special Formats Conservation Section (SFCS) and Book Conservation Section (BCS) staff participated in Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and Heritage Emergency National Task Force (HENTF) calls related to deployment of Federal staff conservators from the National Archives, the Smithsonian Institution, and the National Park Service to Puerto Rico under National Response Framework (NRF) Emergency Support Function (ESF) 11, and under the National Disaster Recovery Framework (NDRF) Recovery Support Function for Natural and Cultural Resources. In addition they participated in preliminary discussions about the status of the US Virgin Islands. In both cases Library staff highly recommended freezing library and archival materials and established baseline costs for rental of freezer shipping containers and monthly storage costs on the mainland as one option.
In November 2017, Conservation Division staff completed the treatment of the Emily Howland Photograph Album, a recent joint acquisition of the Library of Congress and the National Museum of African American History and Culture (NMAAHC), Smithsonian Institution. The album contains an early and previously unknown photograph of Harriet Tubman and photos of other notable abolitionists. The 1864 album was given to abolitionist and educator Emily Howland by her friend Carrie Nichols. All 44 carte de visite photographs were removed prior to treatment of the album. The treatment involved extensive conservation repair of the album binding structure to reattach the covers and allow it to open more fully. The photographs were treated to reduce surface dirt, mend small tears, and to consolidate minor flaking. Both the front and the backs of all the photographs were digitized to capture a variety of inscriptions and other information before the photographs are reinserted into the album pages. This information will allow researchers and curators to better understand the history of the album and to identify all the sitters in the photographs. The examination, treatment, and digitization have been done in collaboration with NMAAHC colleagues in preparation for the display of the album at NMAAHC in March 2018. The treatment work was described in Library of Congress Magazine, volume 7, number 1, Jan-Feb 2018 (URL < http://0-www.loc.gov.oasys.lib.oxy.edu/lcm/> or PDF <http://0-www.loc.gov.oasys.lib.oxy.edu/lcm/pdf/LCM_2018_0102.pdf>).
The Preservation Reformatting Division (PRD) pilot project for large-scale digitization of foreign newsprint from printed originals is on track and moving ahead. The pilot consists of three sample sets of approximately 272,000 pages in total. PRD has divided the selected content into samples sets of similar characteristics (language, size, physical condition, etc.), and a similar page count (approx. 90,000 pages each). Each sample will be reformatted by a different vendor, both to test the vendors’ ability to produce the intended product and to evaluate the Library’s internal processes. In addition to JPEG 2000 master files, Metadata (XML, using NDNP-lite schema) and OCR (ALTO) project deliverables include a final report from each vendor detailing (though not limited to) summary results of the project, successful workflow strategies employed and conclusions and lessons learned. The Pilot’s period of performance ends in August 2018. PRD will begin planning to transition away from microfilming to digitizing foreign newsprint as early as fiscal 2019.
The Preservation Reformatting Division’s (PRD) Tangible Media workflow continues to grow. This program transfers digital information from obsolescent media into the Library’s digital library systems to ensure long term availability, and includes forensic tools for recovering data from damaged or corrupted media. The Division has added additional equipment and plans new acquisitions for this fiscal year. The increased capacity provides more throughput for a single project and the flexibility to run more than one job at a time. As a result, PRD is able to process collections from multiple sources in parallel. PRD is acquiring a new uFRED forensic workstation from Digital Intelligence, and recently added a KryoFlux device used for forensic recovery. The added capacity in this area allows PRD to process collections and retrieve data it was previously unable to recover.
The Preservation Research and Testing Division (PRTD) continued progress on CLASS-D, an online resource for the collection of information about sample materials and specific preservation analytical work performed by the Library and contributing partner institutions. Staff have expanded CLASS-D through the incorporation of additional scientific data and scientific reference collections. Preservation is also working to develop a web interface to CLASS-D to support research collaborations and dissemination of research and reference data for preservation science.
An expanded focus for PRTD was developing techniques for the quantitative analysis of off-gassing from building materials used in collection spaces and exhibitions. By quantitatively measuring the amount of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) produced by these industrial materials, informed decisions can be made regarding the potential risks of using a particular material when constructing or renovating collections storage areas. PRTD is also assessing sorbent materials, what compounds they absorb, and rates of uptake and release.
Substantial results were obtained from research projects on wax cylinder recordings. By examining the lab notebooks of Edison’s chemist, further insight into the development process and production strategies were found and then put to use by replicating each of the commercially produced formulations in the lab. By comparing results from the lab-produced materials with the historical cylinders, it was shown that there was no evidence of chemical degradation. However, the materials were found to expand and contract far beyond what would be expected in response to temperature changes, so storage and handling conditions appear to be critical to the longevity of the material. In order to reduce potential damage to the collection, handling procedures now use an insulated food and beverage cooler to transfer cylinders from the storage vault to the recording studio in order to slow the thermal change from several minutes to 24-48 hours. NAVCC has an acclimatization space for all materials leaving the vault, but it was primarily designed to slow the change in relative humidity as the rest of the collection is more susceptible to damage resulting from sudden humidity changes rather than temperature. Because temperature change and physical shock are key risk factors for these materials, PRTD and the Library’s National Audiovisual Conservation Center (NAVCC) were careful to source coolers with easy to open lids, so that cylinders were not jostled by the force required to open a tightly closed cooler. By identifying that the cylinder collection has different vulnerabilities than the rest of the collection--temperature rather than humidity--small changes in the handling process have produced a dramatic effect on the safety of the collection.
PRTD is collaborating with George Washington University and the Vitreous State Laboratory (VSL) of The Catholic University of America on a National Endowment for the Humanities grant for “Glass at Risk: developing simple tools for detecting unstable glass in 19th century cultural heritage.” The current study aims to assess the risks of 19th century glass instability more generally and to develop methods for its detection before deterioration is advanced with both simple means designed for non-scientists and more sophisticated scientific analytical techniques.
Spectral imaging in PRTD revealed the redacted text on the Alexander Hamilton letter to Elizabeth Schuyler. A blog post (URL <blogs.loc.gov/loc/2018/01/technology-at-the-library-long-hidden-text-is-uncovered-in-alexander-hamilton-letter>) about the project was retweeted by composer and playwright Lin Manuel Miranda and received widespread attention:
Do you know my sensations when I see the
sweet characters from your hand? Yes you
do, by comparing them with your own,
for my Betsey loves me and is acquainted
with all the joys of fondness. Would you
exchange them my dear for any other worthy
blessings? ls there any thing you would put
in competition, with one glowing kiss of
animated tenderness? Anticipate my
[unknown], anticipate the delights we [unknown] [unknown]
in the unrestrained intercourses of wedded love,
and bet your heart joins mine in fervent
wishes to heaven that all obstacles and interruptions
may be speedily removed.
NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL OUTREACH
EDUCATIONAL OUTREACH DIVISION
Young Readers Center and Educational Outreach Have Combined!
In 2017, the Library began a small—but powerful—reorganization, to combine the Educational Outreach team and the Young Readers Center team. The mission of this newly combined unit is to inform, inspire, engage, and support the Library’s audience of learners and educators, whether at the Library, in educational settings, or wherever their curiosity takes them. Through programs, publications, on-site experiences, and online initiatives, this unit informs learners and educators about the mission of the Library and the rich collections that are available to them; inspires a lifelong love of reading and research; engages audiences in creating and sharing knowledge; and supports educators in their professional work, as well as learners in their journeys of intellectual exploration.
For the 2017-18 school year, we have welcomed Matt Poth, a high school teacher from Loudoun County, Va., as our Teacher in Residence. He is helping us grow our outreach efforts to World History Educators. For 2018-19, we will be welcoming a Performing Arts Teacher; and we will be hosting our first ever Einstein Fellow.
Launch of Three New Civics Interactives
This past fall, three TPS grantees, selected by the Library to create successful web- and mobile-based applications on the subjects of Congress and civic participation, for use in K-12 classrooms, launched free educational interactives. All make extensive use of the online collections of the Library of Congress. The three organizations are the Roy Rosenzweig Center for History and New Media at George Mason University, in Fairfax, Va.; Indiana University Center on Representative Government, in Bloomington, Ind.; and Muzzy Lane Software, of Newburyport, Mass. More information is available at URL <www.loc.gov/teachers/civics-interactives> .
New Notice of Funding Availability (NOFA) Planned for Spring 2018
In early 2018, the Library of Congress will announce the availability of funds to support additional grants for the development of online interactives and mobile apps for K-12 classroom use on Congress and civic participation.
Summer Teacher Institutes
Our professional development offerings include five Summer Teacher Institutes held at the Library. During the summer of 2018, one of the weeks will have a STEM focus; and one will focus on World War I. See URL <www.loc.gov/teachers/professionaldevelopment/teacherinstitute>.
NATIONAL LIBRARY FOR THE BLIND & PHYSICALLY HANDICAPPED (NLS)
Developing Braille e-Readers
Since its inception in 1931, the Library of Congress’s National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped (NLS) has provided talking book players to its patrons who wish to listen to audio books. Through recent advances in technology and a partnership with the Perkins School for the Blind in Massachusetts, NLS is pursuing the development of a braille e-reader to bring similar benefits to its braille-reading patrons. With such a device, braille readers will be able to enjoy the advantages of electronic access including convenient portability, search and navigation features, and the ability to enjoy more titles faster. In addition to the significant benefit to patrons, the use of a braille e-reader is expected to dramatically lower the cost of braille production, storage, and distribution. For more information about this project, contact Judy Dixon, NLS Consumer Relations Officer, [email protected].
BARD Passes 100,000th Book Milestone
In December 2017 NLS posted the 100,000th book to BARD, its Braille and Audio Reading Download service—and started the next 100,000 with John Grisham’s latest bestseller, The Rooster Bar. BARD was launched October 2006 with a pilot test that included 100 patrons and 1,200 books. The subsequent introduction of BARD Mobile apps for iOS and Android devices and the BARD Express Windows-based app made the online service easier to use and increased its accessibility to users around the country. This past year, some 58,000 patrons downloaded more than four million items from BARD. For more information about BARD, visit www.loc.gov/nls/braille-audio-reading-materials/bard-access/.
Creating Digital Braille Music Repository
NLS is creating a Digital Braille Music Repository. By connecting with institutions–colleges, universities, and conservatories–around the country, NLS intends to build the largest digital braille music library in the world and to provide easy access to digital braille music files over the web. Current NLS patrons can download more than 2,600 scores, and the numbers are growing. For more information about this project, contact Juliette Appold, Head of the NLS Music Section at [email protected].
Expanding Awareness of NLS
NLS is pleased to launch its first major outreach campaign to educate the American public about the free services provided to U.S. residents with visual impairments and other disabilities. The campaign began in June 2017 with promoted social media and web-based outreach. In February 2018, NLS launches a new television and radio commercial called “Magical Moments” that will appear nationwide on outlets such as History Channel, the National Geographic Channel, TNT, TV Land, and National Public Radio’s “All Things Considered” and “Morning Edition.” For more information on the campaign, contact Kristen Fernekes, Head of the NLS Publications and Media Section, at [email protected].
JOHN W. KLUGE CENTER
Beginning in 2017, the Kluge Center began hosting “Kluge Conversations” with targeted thought leaders and Members of Congress in an informal, off-the-record, and bipartisan setting, over breakfast at the Library of Congress. These breakfast conversations have been well-attended and well-received.
Dinner and Democracy
Through 2017 and into 2018 the Kluge Center has hosted “Dinner and Democracy” events for congressional staff. Prestigious academics from Harvard University, the University of California at Berkeley, and other institutions have engaged hundreds of high level staffers on key decision points in U.S. history that have made an impact on the powers of Congress and the direction of the nation.
Public Events with Kluge Scholars
The Kluge Center provides an ongoing schedule of events featuring scholars-in-residence at the Center on topics ranging from astrobiology, the impact of social media on citizens’ perceptions of presidential candidates, the first Africans to arrive in Virginia four centuries ago, American foreign policy, Chinese immigration during the gold rush, and other topics.
VISITOR SERVICES OFFICE (VSO)
Touch History--the verbal description tour of the Library of Congress
Touch History is a verbal description tour of the Library’s historic Thomas Jefferson Building with added opportunities to feel various carvings and materials. The newly designed tour, intended to reach visitors with visual impairments, was launched in 2017. Combined with the docent’s vivid descriptions and stories of the institution as a whole, hands-on activities allow visitors to develop an enriched picture of the aesthetics of the Thomas Jefferson Building. Participants connect with their surroundings through touch and verbal description. The experience provides an intimate encounter with the beauty of the building. For additional information, contact the Visitor Services Office at [email protected] or 202-707-9779.
Whittall Pavilion Open Houses
As the Library continually finds creative ways to expand access to its collections, the Visitor Services Office (VSO), in collaboration with the Music Division, host periodic open houses in the Whittall Pavilion. A Visitor Services Office volunteer engages visitors discussing the artwork and musical instruments in that beautiful space, as well as details and stories about the music and performing arts collections and programs. For additional information, contact the Visitor Services Office at [email protected] or 202-707-9779.
Developing New Ways to Engage
Newly developed Visitor Services Office offerings also include a Spanish language tour, a tour focused on the younger members of family groups, and a tour entitled “Deities and Demigods: Greek Mythology at the Library of Congress.”
CENTER FOR THE BOOK (including Poetry and Literature Center)
Center for the Book Turns 40
In October 2017, the Center for the Book celebrated its 40th anniversary of promoting books, reading, libraries and literacy from the center at the Library of Congress and through its 52 affiliated centers. The center was established by Public Law in 1977.
Library of Congress Literacy Awards
The Library of Congress Literacy Awards made its fifth round of awards on Sept. 1, 2017, during the evening gala celebration of the National Book Festival, held the following day. Information about the program is at URL <www.loc.gov/literacy>.
Tracy K. Smith, the 22nd U.S. Poet Laureate, will celebrate the conclusion of her first term as laureate with a Spring Lecture on April 19, 2018, at the Library of Congress. Smith has focused on outreach to rural communities during her laureateship. Information about the Poet Laureate program is at URL <www.loc.gov/poetry>.
The Center for the Book’s website, Read.gov, continues to be popular for its digitized versions of classic books, its webcasts and its specialized pages for kids, teens, adults, educators and parents.
Letters About Literature
The Center is a longtime sponsor of the Letters About Literature contest for children in grades 4 through 12, which encourages them to write a letter to an author (living or dead) explaining how that writer’s work affected them. The contest is now in its 26th year, and entry letters are currently being judged for announcement of winners this spring. Information about the program is at URL <www.read.gov/letters>.
NATIONAL FILM AND RECORDING PRESERVATION BOARDS AND REGISTRIES
National Film Preservation Board and Registry
The Film Board met in Washington, D.C., in November 2017 to discuss various ongoing preservation and access initiatives, as well as suggestions for the National Film Registry. The newest 25 selections to the National Film Registry were announced on December 13, 2017, raising the number of films on the Registry to 725. Films selected included Ace in the Hole, Dumbo, Titanic, and Wanda. November 2017 also featured an intriguing evening conversation between acclaimed director Christopher Nolan and Librarian of Congress Carla Hayden. A final prominent initiative launched with the December 2017 online debut of dozens of National Film Registry titles (available for streaming and download) on the Library’s website as well as YouTube .
National Recording Preservation Board and Registry
The Recording Board met in Washington, D.C., in December 2017 to discuss implementation of selected preservation and access recommendations found in the National Recording Preservation Plan and to review possible selections for the next Recording Registry. The next 25 titles for the National Recording Registry will be announced in March 2018 and will mark a milestone: 500 titles on the Recording Registry. The most recent group of inductees (March 2017) featured David Bowie’s concept album “The Rise and Fall of Ziggy Stardust and the Spiders from Mars,” the Talking Heads’ album “Remain in Light,” and two seminal singles of American culture and zeitgeist: Judy Garland’s “Over the Rainbow” and Don McLean’s “American Pie.”
NATIONAL DIGITAL INITIATIVES (NDI)
Library of Congress Labs launches
NDI launched labs.loc.gov in September 2017 as a new online space designed to empower exploration and discovery in digital collections. Library of Congress Labs will host a changing selection of experiments, projects, events and resources designed to encourage creative use of the Library’s digital collections. To help demonstrate what exciting discoveries are possible, the new site also features a gallery of projects from innovators-in-residence and challenge winners, blog posts, and video presentations from leaders in the field. Labs will enable users at every level of technical knowledge to engage with the Library’s digital collections. Visitors will have the opportunity to try experimental applications; crowdsourcing programs will allow the public to add their knowledge to the Library’s collections; and tutorials will provide a stepping stone for new computational discovery of the Library’s API and data sets.
Identify Cartoons in WWI Era Newspapers
With the launch of labs.loc.gov, NDI also launched the Beyond Words pilot crowdsourcing application in collaboration with the Serial and Government Publications Division and the Office of the Chief Information Officer (OCIO). It allows the public to identify, classify, and transcribe cartoons and other illustrations from the Chronicling America digitized newspaper corpus. The resulting images are immediately available in a public-domain gallery. This growing gallery represents domestic life, military engagement, political commentary, humor, technologies, and social relationships from April 1917 to November 1918. The lessons learned from this pilot will be applied to the development of a crowdsourcing transcription and tagging platform planned for release in 2019.
Library of Congress Hosts Innovator in Residence Jer Thorp
NDI awarded its second Innovator-in-Residence Fellowship to the data artist Jer Thorp, who will spend six months with the National Digital Initiatives team exploring the Library’s digital collections and creating a public art piece. Thorp has been producing a podcast, Artist in the Archive, available from most podcasting platforms, about his explorations of the Library of Congress. He’s also been publicly experimenting with the Library’s MARC records by creating new ways to view our collections through creator names or colors.
Digital Collections API is Released for Testing and Feedback
The Library of Congress released an API (“application programming interface”) which delivers content and metadata from its website. The data available from the API is a work in progress and we are seeking feedback on how people are using it. NDI recently added documentation and tutorials on how to use our APIs available from the data exploration section of the Library’s GitHub page.
Congressional Data Challenge
NDI, with OCIO and the Congressional Research Service, is sponsoring a data challenge to advance the discovery, use, and exploration of the information about the legislative process that’s available from Congress.gov. We are asking for the public to use the data from Congress.gov to create a new interactive visualization, mobile or desktop app, website or other digital project and submit their ideas to our Congressional Data Competition through challenge.gov. There is a $5,000 first prize, $1,000 prize for a high school team submission, and several honorable mentions. All submissions are due by April 2, 2018.
OFFICE OF BUSINESS ENTERPRISES
ALA Attendees Get 20% Off at LC Shop
***To celebrate ALA, attendees can stop by the LC Pavilion (no. 1522 on the Colorado Convention Center exhibit floor) and pick up a 20 percent off coupon for use at our online shop . Use promo code 5280 at checkout.***
Bulk Download MARC Records for Free
The Cataloging Distribution Service (CDS) has released approximately 25 million MARC records which are available for bulk download at no charge. These MARC (Machine Readable Cataloging Records) are the international standard for the representation and communication of bibliographic and related information. The records can be downloaded in UTF8, MARC8 and XML formats. Access the free service at URL <www.loc.gov/cds/products/marcDist.php> or at URL <https://www.data.gov/ >.
Design Your Own Museum-Quality Print
The Library’s online store now offers custom reproductions of images from our collections at Focus on the Library of Congress . You can design your own museum-quality print, choosing from hundreds of our most popular images. Prints are available in five paper sizes and there are several framing options which can ship in a week to 10 days.
INTERNSHIP AND FELLOWSHIP PROGRAMS (IFP)
New Internships and Fellowships Portal
The Library launched the Internships and Fellowships Portal, a publicly accessible website to promote and recruit candidates for the Library's many fellowship, internship, residency and volunteer opportunities. The Portal promotes no less than 80 programs across the Library, and provides a one-stop-shop for opportunity seekers. The Portal was seamlessly integrated within the Library’s web presence, and includes a discovery tool, FAQs, and testimonials from past participants. The Portal aims to increase awareness and access to the Library’s many fellowship, internship and volunteer programs, and is available at URL <www.loc.gov/ifp>
Cultural Sustainability Internship Pilot Project
This summer the Library will pilot a new internship, which provides a qualified master and doctoral student the opportunity to acquire knowledge and skills involving the long-term preservation and accessibility of digital collections. The Cultural Sustainability Internship will offer hands-on experience with and exposure to contemporary preservation issues facing cultural heritage institutions with a mission to sustain long-term, durable access to their collections. The new internship leverages lessons learned from the National Digital Stewardship Residency program, pioneered at the Library of Congress in 2013.
Hispanic Association of Colleges & Universities National Internship Program
The Hispanic Association of Colleges and Universities National Internship Program (HNIP) has bolstered the Library’s commitment to diversity since 1999, and provided on-the-job training for more than 250 students. In spring 2018, the Library is hosting 14 IFP offers educational enrichment sessions that enhance each intern’s experience beyond on-the-job training that provide opportunities to explore a wide range of professional development activities and mentorships with former HNIP interns who went on to federal service. Interested undergraduate and graduate students may apply at URL <www.hacu.net/hacu/HNIP.asp >
Junior Fellows Summer Internship Program
In May 2018, the Library once again will welcome participants in the Junior Fellows Summer Intern Program for a ten-week internship to explore the Library’s collections and tackle a range of 21st-century information management challenges. Thirty-eight Junior Fellows will be selected for placements on 35 projects. The Junior Fellows’ efforts will broaden access to and awareness of the Library’s unique collection, while simultaneously extending their own educational portfolios. The Library will celebrate their work at the annual Display Day in late July 2018, which will showcase their projects. For more information, please visit URL <www.loc.gov/item/internships/juniorfellows>
Montgomery College Paul Peck Humanities Institute Internship Program
The Library of Congress will continue to support the Montgomery College Paul Peck Humanities Institute Internship Program to strengthen the Library’s engagement with community colleges that advance experiential learning, and awareness and use of the Library’s collections and services. The program places honors students in internships that provide opportunities for both personal and professional skills development. In addition to the Library, Paul Peck interns work at the Smithsonian Institution and the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum. The program has placed more than 200 students at the three institutions since its inception in 1998.
Upward Bound Program
Since 2000, the Library of Congress has hosted interns participating in the Harvey Mudd College Upward Bound Program-Georgetown Internship to provide mentoring that helps students understand and appreciate the opportunities available to them from earning a bachelor’s degree. Exposure to the Library’s professional environment is invaluable as a learning lab where students are inspired to develop and hone their academic and professional skills. The Internship is the zenith for program participants from Harvey Mudd College, which culminates in the intensive, five-week summer session. While in D.C., students engage in a number of activities in addition to their internship, including coursework in U.S. history and literature, supervised study halls, seminars, and field trips to national monuments, historic landmarks, and colleges and universities. The program is funded by the U.S. Department of Education.